How sports is linked with social capital and reducing crime level
Sport increases social capital, which in turn increases trust, bonds, community participation and the pursuit of common goals.
Many reasons help to explain a positive relationship between sport and the reduction of crime. Some of them are a logical consequence of the previous analysis in IDB Publication 'Sports for Development', which links sports with greater social capital.
Sport increases social capital, which in turn increases trust, bonds, community participation and the pursuit of common goals, and decreases opportunities and the tendency to participate in criminal activities.
The findings of the publication was that sports can also reduce crime thanks to an engaging effect (young people who practice sports cannot participate in criminal activities at the same time), by reducing boredom and downtime, and by creating routine activities that are beneficial to the positive behavior and limit the amount of time and opportunities to commit crimes.
In addition, sports participation can reduce the consumption of drugs and alcohol, which is usually the main cause of criminal activity.
Sport seems to have a positive effect on the rehabilitation of those who have been convicted of crimes (at least in a small sample of the studies). For the most part, the positive effects were: help in the rehabilitation of prisoners and an increase in self-esteem and values.