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Women less likely to participate in off farm employment in Africa, shows World Bank study

If women have the same probability to participate in off-farm employment as men, about 7.8 million women would be employed in addition to the 33 million that are currently employed.


Devdiscourse News Desk 11 Aug 2018, 11:33 AM
  • The number of ‘missing women’ in off-farm employment is thus substantial across these five countries. (Image Credit: Wikimedia)

Taking the data from World Bank's research paper, titled 'Dynamics of off-farm employment in Sub-Saharan Africa: a gender perspective', we find that women are less likely to participate in off-farm employment, and this difference is consistent over time, and across and within countries.

The gender difference in off-farm employment in the latest survey round stands at 4 percentage points in Nigeria, 12 percentage points in Ethiopia, 14 percentage points in Tanzania, 18 percentage points in Malawi, and 19 percentage points in Uganda, which corresponds to a cross-country weighted gender gap of 9 percentage points.

If women have the same probability to participate in off-farm employment as men, about 7.8 million women would be employed in addition to the 33 million that are currently employed.

The number of ‘missing women’ in off-farm employment is thus substantial across these five countries.

The gender gap is significantly higher in urban areas (ranging from 8 percentage points in Nigeria to 26 percentage points in Malawi) than in rural areas (ranging from 1 percentage points in Nigeria to 16 percentage points in Malawi).

World Bank estimates that this might be caused by a higher gender gap in earnings in urban areas than in rural areas, due to a larger job heterogeneity in urban areas.

(With inputs from World Bank)


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