IAEA challenge for data specialists to visualize materials to build fusion reactors
Experts and self-taught enthusiasts are invited to analyze simulations of the damage that can be caused to the reactor wall.
The IAEA has issued a challenge for data specialists from around the world to submit innovative ways to visualize, analyze and explore simulations of different materials that can be used to build fusion reactors.
Deadline for submission is 14 July 2018. The winner will be awarded with €5000 and invited to the IAEA Headquarters in Vienna to present his or her ideas.
Nuclear fusion, the reaction that powers the Sun, has the potential to eventually provide an unlimited supply of cheap and clean, carbon-free energy using isotopes of hydrogen obtained from water and lithium. However, harnessing commercially-viable fusion power involves serious technological challenges that are expected to take many years to solve, including protecting the wall and other components of the reactor vessel from extremely high temperatures and energetic particles – the area that this initiative will help to address.
"Obtaining a very high temperature in a reactor is one of the required conditions for fusion to take place. At such high temperatures – ten times higher than at the core of our Sun – matter exists only as plasma, which must be confined by a magnetic field to keep it from damaging the reactor walls," said Christian Hill, Head of the Atomic and Molecular Data Unit at the IAEA.
Experts and self-taught enthusiasts are invited to analyze simulations of the damage that can be caused to the reactor wall by the energetic neutrons released by the fusion reaction.
"By participating in this challenge, both specialists and non-specialists will be helping scientists to better understand how a material responds to high-energy events and will assist the development of a future fusion reactor," Hill said.
The results of the challenge will be useful for the development of a demonstration fusion power plant such as DEMO, which will operate for long enough periods for the walls and other components to get damaged from the fusion reactions taking place. The design of this facility is underway in many countries and was the subject of a recent IAEA workshop.