165th anniversary of first passenger train in India
Mumbai-Thane line was extended to Kalyan by building India’s first railway bridge, the Dapoorie viaduct over Ulhas river.
Indian Railways is the fourth largest rail network in the world by size. It carries more than 13,000 passengers daily on both: suburban and long-distance routes.
It is also the world's eight largest employers with 1.308 million employ7ees as of March 2017.
Today is the 165th anniversary of first passenger train run by Great India Peninsular Railway. The first passenger train ran between Bombay (Mumbai's Bori Bunder) and Thane on April 16, 1853. The 14 carriage train had three steam locomotives named as Sahib, Sindh and Sultan. It had the capacity of carrying 400 passengers and ran on the line of 34 kilometres and was operated by GIPR (Great India Peninsular Railway).
A year after in 1854, the Mumbai-Thane line was extended to Kalyan by building India's first railway bridge, the Dapoorie viaduct over Ulhas river. This lien was further extended to Khopoli in 1855.
The first proposals for Indian Railways were made in Madras in 1832. India' first train Red Hill Railway was built by Arthur Cotton to transport granite for road- building. It ran from Red Hills to the Chintadripet bridge in Madras in 1837.