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Women less likely to participate in off farm employment in Africa, shows World Bank study

If women have the same probability to participate in off-farm employment as men, about 7.8 million women would be employed in addition to the 33 million that are currently employed.


Devdiscourse News Desk Last Updated at 11 Aug 2018, 17:08 IST
Women less likely to participate in off farm employment in Africa, shows World Bank study
  • The number of ‘missing women’ in off-farm employment is thus substantial across these five countries. (Image Credit: Wikimedia)

Taking the data from World Bank's research paper, titled 'Dynamics of off-farm employment in Sub-Saharan Africa: a gender perspective', we find that women are less likely to participate in off-farm employment, and this difference is consistent over time, and across and within countries.

The gender difference in off-farm employment in the latest survey round stands at 4 percentage points in Nigeria, 12 percentage points in Ethiopia, 14 percentage points in Tanzania, 18 percentage points in Malawi, and 19 percentage points in Uganda, which corresponds to a cross-country weighted gender gap of 9 percentage points.

If women have the same probability to participate in off-farm employment as men, about 7.8 million women would be employed in addition to the 33 million that are currently employed.

The number of 'missing women' in off-farm employment is thus substantial across these five countries.

The gender gap is significantly higher in urban areas (ranging from 8 percentage points in Nigeria to 26 percentage points in Malawi) than in rural areas (ranging from 1 percentage points in Nigeria to 16 percentage points in Malawi).

World Bank estimates that this might be caused by a higher gender gap in earnings in urban areas than in rural areas, due to a larger job heterogeneity in urban areas.

(With inputs from World Bank)


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