Today's Chinese students face an increasing burden of education and preparation because their parents want to offer them every possible opportunity to be highly prepared and achieve very competitive.
In recent years, the overweight of the backpacks of primary and secondary students in urban areas is assumed by the little ones to have had to change the classic backpack for trolleys with wheels.
In addition to the two hours of daily extracurricular classes after finishing school at 3:30 p.m., many students also attend school on weekends and even during summer and winter vacations, as per spanish.peopledaily.
The trend has become so disturbing that the Chinese Ministry of Education has ordered schools to reduce the amount of homework and duties during the compulsory education period (first to ninth grade).
The measure is designed to ensure that elementary students can sleep 10 hours a day, while high school students rest 9 hours as an efficient way to regain strength and reduce stress after leaving school.
According to spanish.peopledaily, during 2016, more than 137 million primary and secondary school students attended extracurricular classes, counting a combined market value of more than 800 billion renminbi (USD 127 billion ), said the Chinese Society of Education, supervised by the Ministry of Education of China.
Another study conducted by China's National Children's Education Center found that 48 percent of students attend other classes after school and more than half confessed that they rarely have time to play with their friends.
Youyou is a 7 year old girl in Beijing. During the winter holidays, he attended six extracurricular courses. Since the beginning of the new semester, the little girl who is in the first grade has continued with her busy schedule, as per spanish.peopledaily.
After school and on weekends, she attends extracurricular classes in English, math, dance, piano, drawing and gymnastics.
"I know that my daughter is under a lot of pressure, but I do not know what to do, they offer too many classes after school and everyone hires them," explains Wang Lijuan, mother of Youyou, adding that the promotion of offer of additional classes can See yourself everywhere: on the subway, at bus stops and even at elevators.
"I can not help, but I think I would be failing my daughter if I did not send her to those classes," admits Wang.
Extracurricular classes are not cheap. Normally, an hour costs around 200 renminbi. However, the "VIP" system of high demand such as one-hour piano or ballet classes can cost up to 1,000 renminbi. Wang estimates that they invest more than 100,000 renminbi a year in their daughter's extracurricular classes, as per spanish.peopledaily.
"My husband and I are not rich, but we will spare no effort or savings in the education of our children," Wang says. Although the heated debate about the effect of the extracurricular classes continues, there is no doubt that its growing popularity offers great income to its organizers.
Recently, both the central government and local governments have issued regulations aimed at reducing the academic burdens of students. Last month, the Ministry of Education of China and three other ministries jointly published a directive to regulate extracurricular classes.
Teachers who attract students to attend extracurricular classes will be treated severely, or even stripped of their teaching permission, the statement said.
In two districts in Hangzhou, the guidelines limit the amount of time children have to spend doing homework. "The Government will spare no effort to resolve the heavy academic burdens of primary and secondary students," Prime Minister Li Keqiang said on March 5, when he presented the Government's Work Report, during the first session of the XIII Assembly, as per spanish.peopledaily.
The government will also strengthen the rules of extracurricular classes to make sure that no extra assignments are assigned or students and family members are pressured, he said.