The dream of Great Green Wall is in the hearts of African people from a very long period of time. The dream of Great Green Wall has been carried by political visionaries like Thomas Sankara and local people of Africa.
According to Africa Policy Review, the initiative has marked certain accomplishment such as Senegal planted more than 11 million trees, Ethiopia has rehabilitated more than 10 million hectares of land and Nigeria has created more than 20,000 jobs in rural areas.
Under Paris Climate Change, USD four billion is pledged to the initiative for achieving the target of restoring 50 million hectares of degraded land which will sequester 250 million tonnes of carbon by 2030.The Great Green Wall is a pan African movement which involves 20 countries under the leadership of African Union.
About 46 percent of Africa's land is degraded which affects 65 percent of the Continent's population. In 2015, 20 million people were insecure of food, as per Africa Policy Review.
The Sahel, where entire livelihood is dependent upon agriculture are affected at large. Sahel's population is expected to rise from 100 million (2015) to 340 million by 2050, which will increase the pressure on the production of food and access to natural resources, as per Africa Policy Review.
Land degradation in the Sahel will impacts livelihood in various forms Flash flood, food crises and others. When a person cannot feed his family and provide basic education, migration is the only option and it becomes a necessity when the main source of income is agriculture.
For people, Africa's Great Green Wall is more than just planting trees, it is the promise for African of realizing a long-standing vision to boost food production, water security and restore swathes of degraded land. This dream will promote regional peace and curb mass migration.