According to a report from UK Energy Research Council (UKERC), the future of UK's energy supply would be dependent on the Energy Efficiency and demand reduction strategies.
The problems like energy security and country's risk of price shocks can be reduced by starting demand-side response services taken into account the improvement in energy efficiency and demand reduction technologies, according to a paper.
The UKERC tried six distinct models for getting the future energy scenario and the results reflected that two with lowest primary energy demand also depicts lowest energy security risk.
While the paper also echoed that low carbon energy scenario also does not guarantee more energy security.
UKERC said that the relationship between energy security and decarbonization is not a straightforward relationship. The UKERC also pointed out that with the shift towards complex electrical systems and new approaches to supply-demand balance, new security risk could emerge.
On the other hand, it also argued to the point that decarbonization can still reduce some energy security risk.
Professor Goran Strbac supported the analysis and said that gas and electricity system security can be significantly enhanced not only by investment in conventional supply resources but also by improving system flexibility through demand-side response, gas storage and interconnection, which is also important for facilitating cost-effective decarbonization.