The United States told the United Nations on Monday that it was expelling 12 Russian UN diplomats because of action they had taken outside their official capacity that was an abuse of their privileges of residence.
US Ambassador to the United Nations Nikki Haley justified the action under a 1947 agreement that established the United Nations headquarters in New York.
"Here in New York, Russia uses the United Nations as a safe haven for dangerous activities within our own borders," Haley said in a statement.
The Russian mission to the United Nations did not immediately respond to a request for comment.
The United States said on Monday it would expel a total of 60 Russian diplomats - including the 12 at the UN - joining governments across Europe punishing the Kremlin for a nerve agent attack on a former Russian spy in Britain that they have blamed on Moscow.
The 12 were described by US officials as intelligence officers and the move reflects US concerns that Russian intelligence activities have been increasingly aggressive.
UN spokesman Farhan Haq said the United States specified that it was taking action under section 13 (b) of the UN headquarters agreement.
The section says that "in case of abuse of such privileges of residence by any such person in activities in the United States outside his official capacity" they will not be exempt from US laws and regulations "regarding the continued residence of aliens."
"Given the sensitivity of the matter, which is ongoing, we will not comment further at this stage other than to confirm that the Secretary-General will closely follow this matter and engage as appropriate with the governments concerned," Haq said.
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