India has emerged as the leading consumer of antibiotics by total volume consumed between 2000-2015, a study by health researchers from India, US, Germany and Belgium have revealed. The study also stresses on the increased use of last resort antibiotic drug, Cephalosporins, which is higher than the usage in the most High-Income Countries (HICs).
Another class of strong antibiotic, linesolid, have also seen a surge in usage over India. India has been the greatest consumer of linesolid since 2012.
The study is being termed as the most comprehensive assessment of global trends of drug usage till date, analysing antibiotic consumption in 76 countries.
Researchers from the Center for Disease Dynamics, Economics & Policy, Princeton University, Germany and the University of Antwerp conducted the study, which found that antibiotic consumption rates increased worldwide from 11.3 to 15.7 Defined Daily Doses (DDD) per 1,000 inhabitants per day between 2000 and 2015.
Worldwide use of antibiotics saw a surge of 39 percent between 2000-15. The most alarming increase in consumption of antibiotics was in Low and Middle-Income Countries (LMICs).
India is at the top in terms of percentage increase in consumption in 2005-15 at an alarming 103 percent, followed by China and Pakistan. Despite the threat of global health crisis in antibiotic resistance, consumption of antibiotic is soaring at a fast pace.