National Health Mission (NHM) is the flagship programme of the Ministry of Health & Family Welfare, encompassing two sub-Missions, National Rural Health Mission (NRHM) and National Urban Health Mission (NUHM).
However, Public Health is a state subject. Under the National Health Mission(NHM), support is provided to States/UTs to strengthen their health systems for the provision of accessible, affordable and quality healthcare to all the population in rural areas based on the proposals of States in their Programme Implementation Plans.
Under NHM, funds are released to States/ UTs to strengthen their health-care systems including rural medical facilities so as to provide universal access to equitable, affordable and quality healthcare services.
Under National Health Mission (NHM), financial and technical support is provided to States to strengthen the Public Health system including up gradation of existing or construction of new infrastructure.
The population Norms for setting up of public health facilities in the General areas are as under:
Sub Centre: 1 per 5,000 population, Primary Health Centre: 1 per 30,000 population,Community Health Centre: 1 per 1,20,000 population.
The populations & other Norms for setting up of public health facilities in the hilly and tribal areas are as under:
Sub Centre: 1 per 3,000 populations. A new norm has also been adopted for setting up an SHC based on 'time to care' within 30 minutes by walk from a habitation has been adopted for the selected district of hilly and Desert areas. It has also been decided to strengthen Sub-Health Centres based on 'time to care' within minutes by walk from habitations has been adopted in selected districts of hilly States and desert areas
Primary Health Centre: 1 per 20,000 population, Community Health Centre: 1 per 80,000 population, provision of Mobile Medical Units (MMU) in hilly and tribal areas
Relaxation has been made available on a case to case basis for hilly/tribal/desert areas, where the populations are widely dispersed and the geographical terrain is difficult.
In view of this, the relaxed norm of one MMU per 10 lakh population in cases where patients served through existing MMUs exceeds 60 patients per day in plain areas and 30 patients per day in hilly areas, on a case to case basis, have also been approved.
The Minister of State (Health and Family Welfare), Sh Ashwini Kumar Choubey stated this in a written reply in the Rajya Sabha here today.
(This is a reproduced press release from the government of India as it is. Devdiscourse bears no responsibility towards grammatical or factual errors that may have been presented in the report.)