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Anandi Gopal Joshi: first Indian female doctor

Due to pressure from her family, she was married to Gopal Rao Joshi at the age of nine. Gopal was a widower and twenty years senior to her.


Devdiscourse News Desk
Updated: 31-03-2018 00:07 IST
Anandi Gopal Joshi: first Indian female doctor

In 1888 Caroline Wells Healey Dall, American feminist writer, wrote Joshi's biography. Doordarshan broadcasted a Hindi series based on Anandi's life.

Anandi Gopal Joshi was the first Indian female doctor and first Indian woman to set foot on American land. Google Doodle is celebrating her 153rd birth anniversary.

At the time when educating a girl was not even in the consideration and when girls were to get married at very young age, the story of a lady becoming a doctor is more than just commendable.

Anandi was born in 1865 in Kalyan of the Thane district (Presently Maharashtra). Due to pressure from her family, she was married to Gopal Rao Joshi at the age of nine. Gopal was a widower and twenty years senior to her.

Anandi at the age of fourteen gave birth to a boy which lived only for ten days due to lack of medical care, this situation became the turning point in Anandi's life which inspired her to become a physician.

Her husband, Gopalrao Joshi, was the supportive hand for her to soar into the sky of her ambition and let her reach the goal of pursuing her interest in medicine to become a physician.

Even after having health issues and constant encouragement from her husband, Anandi was sent to America for medical studies. She applied to the Women's Medical College of Pennsylvania and began her carrier at the age of 19. On 11 March 1886 she graduated with an MD, the topic of her thesis was "Obstetrics among Aryan Hindus."

On this occasion, she received a congratulatory message from Queen Victoria. On her return to India, the princely state of Kolhapur appointed her as the physician in charge of the local Albert Edward Hospital.

In 1888 Caroline Wells Healey Dall, American feminist writer, wrote Joshi's biography. Doordarshan broadcasted a Hindi series based on Anandi's life.

A Marathi novel was written on Anandi by Shrikrishna Janardan Joshi which was later adapted into a play.

COUNTRY : India