In the cargo hold is a UK-built satellite that will test different approaches to removing space junk from the Earth's orbit, as well as an international science package to study powerful lightning from space.
Led by the University of Surrey, built by the world's leading small satellite manufacturer Surrey Satellite Technology Limited, and with technology on board designed by Airbus, the RemoveDEBRIS mission will experiment with cost effective technologies that could be used to tackle the problem of space junk.
Science Minister Sam Gyimah said:
"Space debris is one of the key challenges we face and it's great to see a British university and some of our innovative space companies leading the way on the search for solutions. It's also a fantastic example of the unique expertise found in the UK's growing space sector and the value that it adds to international projects.
"The UK Space Agency continues to work closely with industry to develop new technologies and infrastructure to grow our share of the global space market as part of the Government's industrial strategy."
The RemoveDEBRIS satellite will be deployed from the International Space Station and attempt to capture simulated space debris using a net and a harpoon, while also testing advanced cameras and radar systems. Once those experiments are complete, it will unfurl a drag sail to bring itself and the debris out of orbit, where it will burn up as it enters the Earth's atmosphere.
The experiment is important as there are thousands of pieces of space debris circulating the planet – many travelling faster than a speeding bullet – posing a risk to valuable satellites and even the International Space Station itself.
Professor Guglielmo Aglietti, Director of the Surrey Space Centre at the University of Surrey, said:
"It is important to remember that a few significant collisions have already happened. Therefore, to maintain the safety of current and future space assets, the issue of the control and reduction of the space debris has to be addressed.
"We believe the technologies we will be demonstrating with RemoveDEBRIS could provide feasible answers to the space junk problem – answers that could be used on future space missions in the very near future."
Also on board the SpaceX Dragon capsule is a science experiment known as the Atmosphere-Space Interactions Monitor (ASIM), which will study high-altitude lightning above severe thunder storms. Scientists are interested in these electrical discharges which can produce bright colours – sometimes called red sprites and blue jets – as they can alter the chemistry of the stratosphere and potentially affect the Earth's climate. ASIM is travelling to the International Space Station in the trunk compartment of the Dragon capsule. Once it arrives, the station's robotic arm will transfer the payload from the capsule to the external payload facility on the European Space Agency's (ESA's) Columbus module.
Dr Martin Fullekrug, the lead UK scientist on the project based at the University of Bath, said:
"I have been researching and investigating space and lightning events for over 15 years and the launch of ASIM feels like the pinnacle of my journey into understanding this phenomenon.
"This is the first time such a detailed and technologically-advanced measurement device will be flown into space to observe lightning and will hopefully provide us with new knowledge about how lightning is initiated and how the properties of lightning can affect our daily lives in so many different ways."
The experiment, part funded by the UK Space Agency through our investment in ESA and built by the Danish company Terma, will be operated by ESA with involvement from scientists in the UK.
Dr Graham Turnock, Chief Executive of the UK Space Agency said:
"This experiment will give scientists all over the world the opportunity to study the effects of powerful lightning storms from the unique vantage point of the International Space Station. It's another exciting moment for international space collaboration and commercial spaceflight, which the UK Space Agency supports through the Government's Industrial Strategy."
(This is a reproduced press release from Government of UK as it is. Devdiscourse bears no responsibility towards grammatical or factual errors that may have been presented in the report.)