Following is a summary of current health news briefs.
Work in space does not seem to shorten astronauts' lives
Although space travel exposes astronauts to forms of radiation that are uncommon on Earth, and that are linked to cancers and heart problems, a U.S. study suggests this doesn't significantly shorten their lives. Researchers compared nearly 60 years of data on U.S. male astronauts and a group of men who are similarly extra-fit, affluent and receive elite healthcare - pro athletes. They found that neither group has higher rates than the other of death overall or of early deaths. Both groups do tend to outlast the rest of us, however.
FDA chief to meet e-cigarette makers amid crackdown
The U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) plans to meet top-level executives of e-cigarette makers, the agency's chief said on Thursday, hinting that some companies seem to be backing away from commitments related to youth's access to e-cigarettes. "There's no reason manufacturers must wait for FDA to forcefully address the epidemic. Yet some already appear to back away from commitments made to the FDA and the public," FDA Commissioner Scott Gottlieb said https://twitter.com/SGottliebFDA/status/1078304963078574080 on Twitter.
Famine as a fetus linked to early menopause
(Reuters Health) - Early menopause is more likely among women who were exposed to famine in the womb, a recent study in China suggests. Researchers compared the timing of menopause for 751 women born during a famine in China from 1959 to 1961 and for 1,029 women who were young children during the same period. They also looked at a control group of 1,088 women born after the famine ended.
To lower blood pressure, exercise may be as good as medication
For people with high blood pressure, starting an exercise regimen may lower blood pressure by as much as taking medication would, a large analysis suggests. Researchers combined data from nearly 400 randomized trials that assessed the effects of blood pressure drugs or of exercise on blood pressure. They found that overall, each lowered blood pressure by nearly 9 mmHg (millimeters of mercury) in patients with hypertension.
Sanofi's pediatric hexavalent vaccine approved by U.S. FDA
The U.S. Food and Drug Administration approved Sanofi's new pediatric vaccine immunizing children against six diseases, the French pharmaceutical lab said on Wednesday. Sanofi developed the new vaccine, dubbed Vaxelis, in partnership with Merck.
China eases pig transport ban to ensure supplies amid African swine fever
China has loosened the rules on the transportation of breeder pigs and piglets in provinces that are affected by the African swine fever, the agriculture ministry said on Thursday. The move, which came after Beijing reported more than 90 cases of the highly contagious disease since August, was put in place to ensure pig production and pork supplies, the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs said on its website.
Patients need practical surgical recovery advice
Patients undergoing surgery don't often receive practical advice about what to do and what to expect during the recovery process, says a surgeon who has been on the giving and receiving end of post-op instructions. These directions need a more commonsense approach to rest, diet and pain, Dr. J. David Richardson of the University of Louisville School of Medicine in Kentucky writes in the Journal of the American College of Surgeons.
Boys' weight in puberty tied to adult diabetes risk
When young boys gain a lot of weight at puberty, they may be increasing their risk of developing diabetes decades later, a Swedish study suggests. Researchers examined body mass index (BMI) measurements for 36,176 men when they were 8 years old and when they were 20, then followed the men through health records from age 30 for an average of almost three decades. During this time, 1,777 men developed diabetes.
China regulator probes TCM firm after cancer case sparks online furor
Authorities in China are investigating a traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) firm linked to the death of a young girl with cancer, after the case was rekindled online and reignited widespread anger over perceived failings in healthcare. An official at the Tianjin office of a food and drug safety regulator told Reuters that Quanjian Group was under investigation, with allegations including false marketing.
(This story has not been edited by Devdiscourse staff and is auto-generated from a syndicated feed.)