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Stakeholders Workshop on Artificial Intelligence in National Security and Defence

AI has the potential to have a transformational impact on national security.

Devdiscourse News Desk | Updated: 21-05-2018 20:14 IST | Created: 21-05-2018 20:08 IST
Stakeholders Workshop on Artificial Intelligence in National Security and Defence
India has a strong IT industry and a large group of talented engineers, benefits that must be exploited. (Image Credit: Twitter)

Raksha Mantri Smt Nirmala Sitharaman inaugurated today the 'Stakeholders' Workshop on Artificial Intelligence in National Security and Defence, Listing of Use Cases'. Secretary (Defence Production) Dr. Ajay Kumar and other senior officials of the Ministry of Defense and Services attended the meeting.

Most experts believe that this rapid progress will continue and even accelerate. Most of the progress in AI research occurs in the private sector and in universities. AI has the potential to have a transformational impact on national security. Everyone can also see that AI is essentially a dual-use technology. While it can boost economic growth driven by technology, it also has the potential to provide military superiority.

India has a strong IT industry and a large group of talented engineers, benefits that must be exploited. To explore the full range of issues related to the strategic implications of artificial intelligence from the perspective of national security, a multi-stakeholder working group represented by members of government, services, the academic world, industry professionals and startups was formed with the approval of Raksha Mantri to develop a future roadmap on AI with the following objectives:

  • To establish tactical deterrence in the region.
  • To support its peaceful and commercial use.
  • To mitigate the catastrophic risk.
  • Visualize the possible transforming weapons of the future.
  • Facilitate the control of non-state actors.
  • Develop intelligent and autonomous robotic systems.
  • Improve data collection, analysis, and creation capabilities.
  • To strengthen the cyber defense.

The terms of reference of the AI Working Group of the Ministry of Defense are the following:

  • Study the use of AI by other important countries, including the United States, China, Japan, Germany, Russia, etc.
  • Study of the level of AI/ML development in India in general and specific in the context of defense needs.
  • Make recommendations to make India a significant AI force in defense, particularly in the fields of aviation, navy, terrestrial systems, cyber warfare, nuclear and biological warfare; Recommendations to include both defensive and offensive needs, including the needs of the opposing AI.
  • Make specific recommendations regarding the provisions for AI security required in the defense ecosystem.
  • Make recommendations for the policy and institutional interventions needed to regulate and encourage robust technology based on artificial intelligence for the defense sector in the country.
  • Specific suggestions for a greater focus on AI within DRDO, BEL, service units, selected academic institutions in the country. Taking into account that most of the work in AI is done in the private sector, make recommendations to work with start-ups/commercial industry in the field of AI use for defense purposes.
  • Recommendations for identifications that will be launched in the next two years on dual-use AI capabilities.
  • Make recommendations regarding appropriate strategies for working with new companies in the United States that work in this area.
  • The financing recommendations necessary to achieve the above objectives.

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