FACTBOX-Russian gas pipeline exports to Europe
Following is a summary of key Russian gas export data and routes (http://www.gazpromexport.ru/en/projects/transportation/): EXPORTS * Russian energy giant Gazprom says its gas exports outside the former Soviet Union jumped more than 15% for January to the end of September to 145.8 billion cubic metres (bcm), the second-highest level for the period behind a record 149.2 bcm in the first nine months of 2018. * The recently completed Nord Stream 2 pipeline from Russia to Germany has annual capacity of 55 bcm and the operator says it can deliver enough energy to supply 26 million households per year.
European gas prices surged to record highs in the face of tight supplies while Russia exports gas largely under pre-contracted volumes without adding much more for Europe, where it accounts for more than a third of the market. Following is a summary of key Russian gas export data and routes:
EXPORTS * Russian energy giant Gazprom says its gas exports outside the former Soviet Union jumped more than 15% from January to the end of September to 145.8 billion cubic meters (bcm), the second-highest level for the period behind a record 149.2 cm in the first nine months of 2018.
* The recently completed Nord Stream 2 pipeline from Russia to Germany has an annual capacity of 55 cm and the operator says it can deliver enough energy to supply 26 million households per year. * Russia also raised gas pipeline supplies to Turkey by 138% in the January to September period and to Germany by a third. Exports have also risen to Italy (14%), Romania (305.6%), Serbia (125.2%), Poland (11.2%), Bulgaria (52.5%), Greece (10.8%) and Finland (17.5%).
* Gazprom expects its gas exports to Europe to rise this year to more than 183 bcm, up 6 bcm from 2020. * Gazprom's total natural gas production increased 17.3% to 378.1 bcm in the first nine months of the year while domestic supplies rose almost 16% or 24 bcm, the company said.
KEY ROUTES * Urengoy-Uzhgorod
Part of the Ukrainian gas pipeline network with an annual capacity of more than 100 bcm. Supplies travel via Slovakia and Hungary. Russia and Ukraine signed a new five-year transit deal on Dec. 31, 2019, with Russia pledging to ship 65 bcm of gas via Ukraine in 2020 and 40 bcm annually from 2021 to 2024.
Ukraine has refused to buy Gazprom's gas directly since 2015 after Moscow annexed Crimea and pro-Russian insurgency in its eastern regions. Transit of gas to Europe via Ukraine declined by 38% last year to 55.8 bcm or 152 million cubic meters (mcm) per day. From April to August, it averaged at 124 mcm/day.
Gazprom has the right to participate in auctions for additional pipeline capacity for transit via Ukraine. It had until recently bought only a fraction of the total capacity on offer with purchases of about 15 mcm/day each month. Gazprom has not booked additional capacity via Ukraine for October.
Gazprom booked only a third of the available capacity for October through the pipeline. The flows via the route in October have fallen significantly. * Nord Stream
The operational pipeline runs via the Baltic Sea to Germany, with an annual capacity of 55 bcm. Nord Stream 2, running in parallel to Nord Stream, which is awaiting approval from Germany's energy regulator, would double capacity. * Blue Stream
Another Black Sea pipeline to Turkey has two lines with an annual capacity of 15.75 bcm each. One line is designed to feed the Turkish domestic market while the other exports gas to Southern Europe. ELECTRONIC SALES PLATFORM (ESP)
* Gazprom set up the ESP in 2018 for gas sales to Europe in addition to the existing long and mid-term contracts. It sold more than 40 bcm of gas on the platform in the first two years. * Gazprom Export, the exporting arm of Gazprom, has not offered natural gas for delivery in 2022 on ESP since late August.
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