China defence spending gets mild boost amid economic caution
The spending figure, set at 1.35 trillion yuan ($208.47 billion) in the national budget released on Friday, is closely watched as a barometer of how aggressively the country will beef up its military. Last year China said the defence budget would rise just 6.6%, its slowest rate in three decades, as the economy wilted in the face of the COVID-19 pandemic.Reuters | Beijing | Updated: 05-03-2021 13:29 IST | Created: 05-03-2021 13:04 IST
China's 2021 defence spending will rise 6.8% from 2020, up just slightly from last year's budget increase and broadly tracking the government's modest growth forecast, as the world's second-largest economy emerges from the pandemic's fallout.
Premier Li Keqiang pledged that efforts to strengthen the People's Liberation Army, which is developing an array of weapons from stealthy fighters to aircraft carriers, would continue apace in the face of what China views as multiple security threats. The spending figure, set at 1.35 trillion yuan ($208.47 billion) in the national budget released on Friday, is closely watched as a barometer of how aggressively the country will beef up its military.
Last year China said the defence budget would rise just 6.6%, its slowest rate in three decades, as the economy wilted in the face of the COVID-19 pandemic. This will be the sixth year in a row for a single-digit increase. Li, in his state-of-the-nation address to the largely rubber-stamp legislature, said this year the government would strengthen the armed forces "through reform, science and technology and the training of capable personnel".
"We will boost military training and preparedness across the board, make overall plans for responding to security risks in all areas and for all situations, and enhance the military's strategic capacity to protect the sovereignty, security and development interests of our country," Li said in a government translation of his remarks. "We will improve the layout of the defence-related science, technology and industry, and enhance the defence mobilisation system," he added, without giving details.
Li set an annual economic growth target of more than 6%, significantly below the consensus of analysts, who expect growth could beat 8% this year. China last year reduced the target after COVID-19 devastated its economy. Yang Yujun, a former senior Chinese officer now at the Communication University of China, said it was a natural rate of increase given the many problems facing the economy post-pandemic.
"China is facing a relatively complicated international and regional security situation, and the tasks of advancing the military's modernisation, reform and building are also very arduous. It is very necessary to ensure sufficient defence expenditures," he added. The country is nervous about challenges on several fronts, ranging from Taiwan to U.S. missions in the disputed South China Sea near Chinese-occupied islands, an ongoing border dispute with India, and unrest in Hong Kong.
The budget gives only a raw figure for military expenditure, with no breakdown. Many diplomats and foreign experts believe the country under-reports the real number. China's reported defence budget in 2021 is about a quarter of U.S. defence spending, which amounted to $714 billion in the fiscal year 2020 and is expected to increase to $733 billion in the 2021 fiscal year.
China has long argued that it needs to close the gap with the United States. China, for example, has two aircraft carriers, compared with 11 in active service for the United States. China routinely says that spending for defensive purposes is a comparatively low percentage of its GDP and that critics want to demonize it as a threat to world peace.
Military spending accounts for around 1.3% of China's total GDP, far lower than the United States, Hu Xijin, editor-in-chief of the state-backed Global Times, tweeted. "You will believe China is a peace-loving country as long as you are not biased," he said. ($1 = 6.4758 Chinese yuan renminbi)
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