UN elects five new members to serve on the Security Council
Albania, Brazil, Gabon, Ghana and the United Arab Emirates (UAE) were elected by the 75th session of the General Assembly on Friday to serve as non-permanent members of the UN Security Council for the 2022-2023 term.
Joining the others
Prior to its successful bid, the UAE issued a statement promising to be "a constructive partner" in addressing some of the "critical challenges of our time", including promoting gender equality, countering terrorism and extremism and "harnessing the potential of innovation for peace".
UN Web TV The UAE Ambassador walks to the ballot box during the election of five non-permanent members to the Security Council on 11 June 2021.
Breaking it down
Vacating their seats were Viet Nam, for the Group of Asia and the Pacific Small Island Developing States are known as the Asia-Pacific Group; Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, for the Latin American and Caribbean Group, called GRULAC; Estonia, for the Eastern European Group; and Niger and Tunisia as part of the African Group.
The five new members elected this year will begin their terms on 1 January 2022 and serve until 31 December 2023.
Path to service
Broken down, this translates to a minimum of 129 votes, to win a seat if all 193 UN Member States are present and voting.
Even if candidates have been endorsed by their regional group and are running unopposed, formal balloting is required.
Though unlikely, in the first round a Member State running unchallenged might not garner the requisite votes in the Assembly and face a new challenger in subsequent rounds.
There have, historically, been several instances in which extended rounds of voting were required to fill a contested seat.
Such situations have usually been resolved when one of the contenders withdraws, or a compromise candidate is elected.
Exceptionally, countries competing for a seat have decided to split the term between them. But since 1966, this only happened once, in 2016, when Italy and the Netherlands agreed to split the 2017-2018 term.
Since 2010, 78 per cent of races for Security Council seats have been uncontested.
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