Left Menu
Development News Edition

REFILE-EXPLAINER-What is driving Fiat Chrysler and Peugeot merger talks?

REFILE-EXPLAINER-What is driving Fiat Chrysler and Peugeot merger talks?
Image Credit: Flickr

Fiat Chrysler and Peugeot owner PSA are in talks to combine and create a $50 billion giant better placed to tackle a host of costly technological and regulatory challenges facing the auto industry.

The move comes less than five months after merger talks between FCA and French carmaker Renault foundered, with the U.S.-Italian group blaming intervention from French government officials. FACTS AND FIGURES:

PSA had revenue of 74 billion euros ($82 billion) last year when it sold 3.9 million vehicles. It employed 211,000 people.

Its brands include Peugeot, Citroen, Opel and Vauxhall. FCA generated net revenue of 110 billion euros in 2018 and shipped 4.8 million vehicles.

Its workforce totalled 199,000. Its brands include Fiat, Chrysler, Alfa Romeo, Jeep, RAM, Lancia and Maserati.

WHY DO FCA AND PSA WANT TO COMBINE? The car industry is facing a downturn as sales in mature markets stagnate and growth cools in countries such as China which had been helping to sustain expansion.

Ford last week became the latest major carmaker to issue a profit warning. The industry is also having to reinvent itself in the light of the Volkswagen "Dieselgate" emissions scandal and broader environment concerns.

European carmakers have waited until the last minute to try to meet ambitious EU emissions targets and face billions in fines if they fail to comply. The EU has imposed a 40% cut in emissions between 2007 and 2021. The main advantage of a merger for Peugeot would be FCA's highly profitable businesses in North America, with its RAM trucks and Jeep brand.

FCA derives 66% of its revenue from North America compared with only 5.7% for PSA, Refinitiv Eikon data shows. Europe remains the main revenue driver for PSA. FCA lacks adequate green technology and would benefit from PSA's expertise which has already spawned the Peugeot e-208 and the Opel Corsa-e mini.

In some ways, Renault may be a more suitable partner for FCA as it offered a larger exposure to Asia through its Nissan partnership. It is also an electric-car pioneer with relatively fuel-efficient engine technologies and a strong presence in emerging markets. WHY MIGHT THIS SUCCEED WHEN THE RENAULT TALKS COLLAPSED?

PSA is a more stable potential partner than French rival Renault which has been reeling from the loss of leader Carlos Ghosn. He is facing trial in Japan on charges of financial misconduct which he denies. The loss of Ghosn laid bare tensions between Renault and its alliance partner Nissan. As the downturn deepens and emissions targets bite, finally securing a deal is given greater urgency.

WHAT ARE THE MAIN OBSTACLES? The ownership complexities that helped to scupper the FCA-Renault deal could also complicate this combination.

The French government has a 12% shareholding in PSA while the Peugeot family and the Chinese state, via Dongfeng Group , have similar holdings. In August, PSA's shares briefly rallied amid speculation that Dongfeng was considering selling all or part of its stake. PSA shares were worth as little as 9 euros in 2014 when Dongfeng bought the stake and soared to as high as 27 euros on Wednesday.

Some analysts say the Chinese presence might trigger doubts in the United States over a potential merger, as trade tensions between Washington and Beijing remain high. The Italian government and unions are keen to avoid major job losses in Italy https://reut.rs/2PzwYIX, where 58,000 workers are employed by FCA, and with most of its Italian plants https://fingfx.thomsonreuters.com/gfx/mkt/12/793/787/Capture.png heavily underused.

HOW MIGHT RENAULT RESPOND? Some commentators have speculated that details of the talks have leaked out to try to bring Renault back to the negotiating table with FCA.

However, Renault's focus is believed to be on fixing its alliance with Nissan following management changes at the top of both companies. WHO ARE MAIN PERSONALITIES INVOLVED?

PSA CEO Carlos Tavares, a Portuguese national, worked for both Renault and Nissan before taking the reins at PSA five years ago. He is credited with rescuing the group from near-bankruptcy and expanded it through the acquisition of Opel two years ago. New York-born John Elkann has been Fiat chairman since 2010, maintaining a family link back to the Italian company founded by his great-great-grandfather Giovanni Agnelli, which built its first car in 1899.

Elkann, whose French is better than his Italian, spent seven years at a lycee in France before studying engineering at Politecnico, the Engineering University of Turin.

Also Read: Motor racing-Renault F1 boss optimistic team will stay beyond 2020

(This story has not been edited by Devdiscourse staff and is auto-generated from a syndicated feed.)



Hyderabad Encounter: Time to review modern judiciary and restore people’s confidence

Its probably for the first time in the history of independent India, the parliamentarians, chief ministers and ministers in the Union and State governments are openly supporting an encounter. This indicates the people from top to bottom hav...

What happens to your outstanding loans if the bank falls?

... ...

Time for a change! Innovations to stop the growing plastic pollution

As the planet is drowning in plastic pollution, many new innovative approaches and solutions have emerged to effectively deal with the menace....

How to avoid fake universities and fishing bait like Farmington

As education sharks are roaming around to prey, we present a guide on how to mitigate hunters and reach to a genuine universityinstitute. In this era of commercialization of education, the fake universities and economic frauds in educationa...


Latest News

Golf-Woods turns attention to Melbourne after disappointing World Challenge

Tiger Woods finished a disappointing fourth behind winner Henrik Stenson at the Hero World Challenge in the Bahamas on Saturday before turning his attention towards his role as American playing captain at next weeks Presidents Cup. The tour...

"Tosca" with a touch of cinema enthrals Milan's La Scala at opening night

Tosca, Giacomo Puccinis opera about a diva prepared to do anything for love, was given a cinematic flavour as it opened La Scalas season for the first time, winning a 16-minute ovation and a stage strewn with flowers from the audience on Sa...

Bobsleigh-Former Canadian Humphries triumphs in World Cup debut with U.S.

Kaille Humphries, who switched competitive allegiance from Canada in September, triumphed in her World Cup debut for the United States on Saturday in Lake Placid, New York. The double Olympic gold medallist paired with brake woman Lauren Gi...

Royals sign former closer Rosenthal to minor league deal

Former All-Star closer Trevor Rosenthal signed a minor league contract with the Kansas City Royals, multiple outlets reported Saturday. The right-handed Rosenthal reportedly agreed to a 2 million base salary with another 2.25 million attain...

Give Feedback