‘Disturbing spike’ in Afghan civilian casualties after peace talks began: UN report
Civilian casualties in Afghanistan witnessed a sharp rise since peace negotiations started in September last year, even though overall deaths and injuries dropped in 2020, compared to the previous year, according to a UN human rights report launched Tuesday.UN News | Updated: 23-02-2021 23:17 IST | Created: 23-02-2021 16:49 IST
In their annual Afghanistan Protection of Civilians in Armed Conflict Annual Report, the Office of the UN High Commissioner for Human Rights (OHCHR) and the UN Assistance Mission in the country (UNAMA) documented some 8,820 civilian casualties (3,035 deaths and 5,785 injuries) in 2020, about 15 per cent less than in 2019.
It was also the first time the figure fell below 10,000 since 2013.
However, the country remains amongst the "deadliest places in the world to be a civilian", according to Michelle Bachelet, UN High Commissioner for Human Rights.
"I am particularly appalled by the high numbers of human rights defenders, journalists, and media workers killed since peace negotiations began in September", she said.
At least 11 rights defenders, journalists and media workers lost their lives since September, resulting in many professionals exercising self-censorship in their work, quitting their jobs, and even leaving their homes and the country – in the hope, it will improve their safety.
The rise in targeted killings'
According to the report, the overall drop in civilian casualties in 2020 was due to fewer casualties from suicide attacks by anti-Government elements in populated areas, as well as drop-in casualties attributed to international military forces.
There was, however, a "worrying rise" in targeted killings by such elements – up about 45 per cent over 2019. The use of pressure-plate improvised explosive devices (IEDs) by the Taliban, airstrikes by the Afghan Air Force, and ground engagements also resulted in increased casualties, the report said.
According to the report, anti-Government elements bore responsibility for about 62 per cent of civilian casualties, while pro-government forces were responsible for about 25 per cent of casualties. About 13 per cent of casualties were attributed to crossfire and other incidents.
UNAMA-OHCHR report Women casualties (killings and injuries) documented between 1 January 2009 and 31 December 2020
'Shocking toll' on women and children
OHCHR went on to note that the years-long conflict in Afghanistan "continues to wreak a shocking and detrimental toll" on women and children, who accounted for 43 per cent of all civilian casualties – 30 per cent children and 13 per cent women.
"This report shows the acute, lasting needs of victims of the armed conflict and demonstrates how much remains to be done to meet those needs in a meaningful way", High Commissioner Bachelet said.
"The violence that has brought so much pain and suffering to the Afghan population for decades must stop and steps towards reaching a lasting peace must continue."
Attacking civilians 'serious violations'
With the conflict continuing, parties must do more to prevent and mitigate civilian casualties, OHCHR said, urging them to fully implement the report's recommendations and to ensure that respect and protection of human rights are central to the ongoing peace negotiations.
It also reminded the parties that deliberately attacking civilians or civilian objects are serious violations of international humanitarian law that may amount to war crimes.
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