Peers approval can help curb underage drinking, suggests new study
According to a recent study, contrary to what students might state, peer approval is the best indicator of the tendency for new college students to drink or smoke. This new finding can act as the key to help universities address the problems of underage or binge drinking, said Nancy Rhodes, lead author of the study published in the journal Health Education and Behavior.
"We need to change our intervention approach to amplify the voices of those who don't approve of this kind of behaviour, such as students who are disturbed at 3 a.m. by drunk dormmates arriving home. We suggest that emphasizing the social costs of these behaviours may be a promising strategy. Most importantly, the messages need to come from peers themselves, not authority figures," Rhodes said.
Previous studies and social-norm approaches to curbing these risky behaviours have focused on the perceived prevalence of students who drink or smoke, not whether the behaviour is socially approved. "More than their family's influence or how many students they think are participating in risky behaviour, students choose to drink or smoke based on if they believe their small circle of peers will approve. Students don't want to admit they're influenced by friends. They think they are making independent choices, but the reality is they are seeking acceptance," Rhodes asserted.
Rhodes' research involved 413 first-year college students living in on-campus residence halls. First-year students were chosen because they are developing their independence and behavioural attitudes away from their families.
Students were tested on how quickly they responded to descriptions of drinking and smoking mixed in with other behaviours. They answered "yes" or "no" if they believed their family and friends wanted them to engage in those behaviours. Students who quickly indicated their peers approved of them drinking signified higher drinking and smoking intentions. On the contrary, how quickly they indicated their parents approved of drinking and smoking had no effect on intention.
"This is referred to as cognitive accessibility, or the ease of activating something from memory," Rhodes said. "How quickly do they respond to the questions? How quickly do they say their friends want them to drink? How quickly do they say their friends want them to play drinking games? How fast they agree is what matters and predicts future behaviour."
(With inputs from agencies.)
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