The Indian Council of Medical Research (ICMR) has developed a cost-effective and rapid point-of-care test kit for diagnosing genetic bleeding disorders such as haemophilia A and Von Willebrand disease (VWD). Diagnostics which are currently available require special equipment and are expensive.
"Both Haemophilia A and VWD are underdiagnosed disorders in our country. There are only a handful of comprehensive diagnostic centres for bleeding disorders," an official at ICMR said. "Lack of awareness and diagnostic facilities, high cost of tests are some of the factors for under-diagnosis of bleeding disorders in our country," he said.
According to the ICMR, the kit is the world's first point-of-care test for specific diagnosis of any common bleeding disorder and costs less than Rs 50 in comparison to existing conventional test that cost around Rs 4,000 to Rs 10,000. The newly developed kit would help in diagnosis within 30 minutes of blood sample collection. Also, this will be available at any level of health care system including primary health care centres (PHCs) since it does not require any special expertise or infrastructure.
Worldwide, the incidence of Haemophilia A is 1 per 10,000 male births and that of VWD is around 1 per cent of the general population. "In India, there is no epidemiological data. We may have roughly 80,000-1,00,000 severe Haemophilia cases in our country, but the total number registered with Haemophilia Federation India (HFI) is only around 19,000," the official said.
Patients with severe Haemophilia A or VWD can have life-threatening spontaneous or post-traumatic bleeding like brain haemorrhage and gastrointestinal bleeding. In an emergency medical setting, it is important to have a quick diagnosis of bleeding disorders for treatment. This rapid test kit can be used for the diagnosis of menorrhagia cases/ post-partum haemorrhage (PPH), gynaecological complications among others.
(With inputs from agencies.)