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15.86 lakh cancer patients in 2018: govt tells LS

15.86 lakh cancer patients in 2018: govt tells LS
Representative image. Image Credit: ANI

There were 15.86 lakh cancer cases in the country in 2018, Union Health Minister Harsh Vardhan said in Lok Sabha on Friday. The minister said cancer is diagnosed and treated at various levels in the health care system and the treatment of cancer is by surgery, radiotherapy, chemotherapy and palliative care.

"As per the National Cancer Registry Programme of Indian Council of Medical Research, the estimated incidence of cancer cases in 2018 was 15,86,571," he said during Question Hour. Vardhan said while doctors with D.M. (Medical Oncology), M.Ch. (Surgical Oncology) and M.D. (Radiation Oncology) treat cancer patients in higher-level tertiary care hospitals, other doctors such as general surgeons, gynecologists, ENT surgeons, etc. also provide treatment for cancer in government and private hospitals, depending on the type and size of cancer.

The minister said the information regarding cancer patients in government hospitals is not maintained centrally. "Health is a state subject, the central government supplements efforts of state governments in providing health care services including cancer care.

"The government of India is implementing the National Programme for Prevention and Control of Cancer, Diabetes, Cardiovascular Diseases and Stroke (NPCDCS) under the National Health Mission (NHM)," she said. Vardhan said the objectives of NPCDCS include awareness generation for cancer prevention, screening, early detection and referral to an appropriate level institution for treatment.

He said 599 Non-Communicable Diseases (NCD) clinics at District level and 3,274 NCD clinics at the community health center level have been set up under the program. To enhance facilities for tertiary care of cancer, the central government is assisting 18 state cancer institutes and 20 tertiary care cancer centers under the strengthening of tertiary care for cancer scheme, he said.

Vardhan said India is estimated to have 1.3 lakh hemophilics. "Hemophilia, a hereditary bleeding disorder is prevalent amongst one in every 10,000 males. Considering the 1.3 billion population of India, the expected number of hemophiliacs would be 1.3 lakh," he said in a written reply.

According to the minister, the database of people suffering from Thalassemia, Sickle Cell Anemia and Hemophilia on State/ Union Territory-wise is not maintained centrally.

(This story has not been edited by Devdiscourse staff and is auto-generated from a syndicated feed.)

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