Hopes for progress in Sino-U.S. trade talks and expectations of policy stimulus from central banks lifted world stocks to 2 1/2- month highs on Monday, though European gains were held back by concern over the outlook for auto makers.
MSCI's All-Country World Index rose 0.4 per cent after Japan's Nikkei closed up 1.8 per cent at its high for the year and MSCI's index of Asian equities rose almost 1 per cent. Shanghai blue chips surged 2.7 per cent to their highest finish in more than six months. Wall Street futures suggested that U.S. stocks would maintain last week's gains when trading starts again on Tuesday, after Monday's holiday.
The Dow and the Nasdaq had boasted eight consecutive weeks of gains on wagers the United States and China can resolve their protracted trade dispute. Negotiations will resume this week, with U.S. President Donald Trump saying he may extend a March 1 deadline for a deal. Both sides reported progress at last week's talks in Beijing.
The mood was more subdued in Europe, where a pan-European equity index inched to a four-month high. Gains were capped by automakers, who were hit by data showing Chinese car sales fell 16 per cent in January, their seventh straight month of decline. The autos index, a bellwether for Europe's economy, fell 0.4 per cent. The industry was also weighed down by fears that a U.S. Commerce Department report would lead to tariffs on imported cars and auto parts. German shares slipped 0.1 per cent lower.
"The optimism on trade has been strong, but the underlying economic data has been a lot of weaker - so you have some push and pull factors," said David Vickers, senior portfolio manager at Russell Investments. Much focus was now on flash PMI data due out this week, he said. "As the bounce-back from the December lows fades ... the fundamentals now reassert (themselves)," Vickers added.
Bad economic data has fuelled expectations that the world's most powerful central banks would deliver reflationary policies and provide support for markets. The need for stimulus was highlighted by data showing a slide in Singapore exports and a big drop in foreign orders for Japanese machinery goods.
SLUGGISH INVESTMENT Beijing is already taking action, with China's banks making the most new loans on record in January in an attempt to revive sluggish investment.
Minutes of the Federal Reserve's last policy meeting are due on Wednesday and should provide more guidance on the likelihood of rate increases this year. There is also talk the bank will keep a much larger balance sheet than previously planned. "Given the range of speakers since the January meeting who support `patience', the Fed minutes should reiterate a dovish message overall," analysts at TD Securities said in a note.
The dollar was steady against the yen at 110.58, having backed away from a two-month top of 111.12. Sterling rose after three consecutive weeks of losses as investors waited for the outcome of Brexit talks between Britain and the European Union.
British Prime Minister Theresa May plans to speak to every EU leader and the European Commission chief to seek changes to her EU withdrawal agreement, after another defeat by her own lawmakers last week. That left the dollar a shade lower at 96.731 against a basket of currencies and away from last week's top of 97.368. On commodity markets, oil prices reached their highest this year, buoyed by OPEC-led supply cuts and U.S. sanctions on Iran and Venezuela.
(With inputs from agencies.)