Brazilian retailers scores 17 pct in Fashion Revolution's first survey of textile industryDevdiscourse News Desk | Updated: 12-10-2018 00:18 IST | Created: 11-10-2018 21:10 IST
The 20 biggest fashion retailers in Brazil - where slave labour is a major problem - scored poorly on an index assessing their social and environmental practices, with almost half failing to disclose any information, UK-based campaigners said on Thursday.
Brazilian retailers scored an average of 17 per cent in Fashion Revolution's first survey of the textile industry in Latin America's biggest economy, with German clothing retailer C&A winning a top place with 53 per cent.
Eight out of the 20 brands scored zero because their websites and reports did not reveal any information and they did not respond to a questionnaire focused on five areas, including supply chain traceability, governance and policies.
"Information about supply chains is often hidden on websites, or hosted on external websites that are difficult to find, in annual reports of more than 300 pages or simply not available," said Fashion Revolution Brazil's Eloisa Artuso.
"How can we make better decisions about what we buy, when information is either totally absent or presenting in such varied and long-winded ways?" the project manager asked.
A labour ministry spokeswoman declined to comment because she had not seen the survey but said the ministry has rescued more than 1,200 workers from slave-like conditions this year.
The index comes as businesses face growing consumer pressure to ensure their global supply chains are environmentally-friendly, slavery-free and pay their worker's fair wages.
Brazil has the world's fourth-largest garment production industry, with 1.5 million direct employees, mostly women, Fashion Revolution said.
The textile industry is fragmented and informal, with thousands of immigrant subcontractors from Bolivia and Paraguay sewing clothes in sweatshops for well-known national retailers.
Sweatshops in Brazil producing clothes for the Spanish store Zara - which came third in the index - were raided in 2011 after a supplier was accused of slave labour.
Brazil officially recognised the use of slave labour in 1995 and started launching raids which have freed about 50,000 people from slave-like conditions, often in logging and sugarcane work.
"Transparency is crucial ... to avoid informal business prevailing over the formal business."
Fashion Revolution started the Global Fashion Transparency Index of 150 big brands in 2016. The average score in this year's edition was 21 per cent, with Sportswear giant Adidas and its subsidiary Reebok taking first place.
(With inputs from agencies.)
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