How different countries act against female genital mutilation around the world
LONDON, Sept 13 (Thomson Reuters Foundation) - African countries must bolster laws banning female genital mutilation if they are serious about eradicating the traumatic ritual, campaigners said on Thursday.
World leaders have pledged to eliminate FGM, which affects an estimated 200 million girls and women worldwide. But a report launched in London by campaign group 28 Too Many says there are major gaps in legislation across countries in Africa where FGM is prevalent.
Here are some facts:
- FGM dates back over 2,000 years. It is practiced across many cultures and religions.
- All these countries apart from Sierra Leone have either drafted legislation or indicated they intend to pass a law.
- Fines set out in laws vary from the equivalent of about $5 to $3,600.
- Prison sentences range from a minimum of two months to a maximum of 20 years (Cameroon). But sentences so far have been lenient and frequently suspended.
- There is an increasing trend for FGM to be carried out by health professionals rather than traditional cutters, particularly in Egypt, Guinea, Kenya, Nigeria, and Sudan.
- It recently announced its first prosecution for FGM after a 10-year-old girl died from the procedure.
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