Britain's Monarch Airlines and Alitalia have also filed for insolvency in recent years. Germania, founded in 1986, blamed rising fuel prices, a stronger dollar, delays in integrating new aircraft into its fleet as well as a high number of maintenance services for the cash shortage.
"Unfortunately, we were ultimately unable to bring our financing efforts to cover a short-term liquidity need to a positive conclusion," Chief Executive Karsten Balke said in a statement. Germania's 37 aircraft mainly flew German sun-seekers to more than 60 destinations in Europe, North Africa and the Middle East. It said all flights had been halted overnight after it filed for bankruptcy late on Monday.
Balke thanked the airline's staff and apologised to passengers who had booked directly with the airline who it said would not be entitled to alternative flights. "The horror for German air travellers continues," said Klaus Mueller, head of the Federation of German Consumer Organisations.
The Federal Association of the German Aviation Industry said airlines, including those belonging to the Lufthansa Group , TUIfly and Condor, would offer stranded Germania passengers special rates to return to Germany. Europe's largest budget airline.Ryanair, which posted its first quarterly loss since 2014 on Monday, said it expected further consolidation in the industry over the next 12-18 months due to overcapacity.
It predicted a further rise in oil prices would put the squeeze on smaller airlines that can't afford to increase their oil price hedging. Germania's own financial problems emerged at the start of January when it said it was examining several financing options to secure its short-term liquidity needs.
It said on Jan. 19 it had received a commitment for 15 million euros ($17 million) in funding that would secure its medium and long-term future, but at the end of last week it confirmed media reports that it had delayed paying wages. Air Berlin, which served around 30 million passengers a year filed for insolvency in 2017 and ceased operations. Many of its aircraft were absorbed by bigger rival Lufthansa. ($1 = 0.8763 euros) (Editing by Keith Weir)