German strategy paper targets China trade dependence
The Chinese Foreign Ministry did not immediately respond to a Reuters request for comment outside of business hours. 'VULNERABLE TO BLACKMAIL' Germany did not aim to decouple from its top trade partner, China, said the paper, first reported on by the online portal The Pioneer.
Germany's Economy Ministry recommends excluding using components from providers from authoritarian states in critical infrastructure and imposing stricter requirements for firms dealing with China, a strategy paper seen by Reuters shows. Those German firms particularly exposed to China should share details on that business with the government and undergo regular stress tests, according to the ministry's "Internal Guidelines on China", marked confidential.
Reuters had previously reported on some of the measures the economy ministry was considering to curb German reliance on China as the new government refines its relationship with Asia's rising superpower and on reaction from German business leaders. Executives from firms including chemicals giant BASF , Deutsche Bank and industrial group Siemens pushed back on the government's plans in a call with Economy Minister Robert Habeck in September, Reuters reported, citing sources. The companies declined to comment at the time. Any new plan would have to be approved by other parties in Germany's ruling coalition.
Deep trade ties bind Asia and Europe's biggest economy, with rapid Chinese expansion and demand for Germany's cars and machinery fuelling German growth over the past two decades. China became Germany's single biggest trade partner in 2016. However, the relationship has come under close scrutiny since Russia's invasion of Ukraine in February, which led to the curtailment of a decade-long energy relationship with Moscow and caused numerous companies to ditch their local businesses.
The paper seen by Reuters, which totals 104 pages and is dated Nov. 24, appears to detail the latest standpoint and would likely feed into the government's broader China strategy which it intends to publish next year. It could extend scrutiny of IT component suppliers from some countries to firms making components for critical infrastructure such as transportation, healthcare or water and food supply.
Berlin should consider checking outbound German investments in Chinese companies if these operated in security-relevant sectors or were suspected of human rights violations, it said. German development financing for China should be phased out by next year and political support by high-ranking officials for projects there questioned. The Chinese Foreign Ministry did not immediately respond to a Reuters request for comment outside of business hours.
'VULNERABLE TO BLACKMAIL' Germany did not aim to decouple from its top trade partner, China, said the paper, first reported on by the online portal The Pioneer. But Russia's invasion of Ukraine had shown the high risks of close economic relations with autocratic states seeking alternative world orders.
"The importance of China as an export market for many German industrial sectors as well as critical dependencies in certain ... areas could make Germany vulnerable to blackmail and restrict its political capacity to act," the paper read. German companies should receive more aid to diversify their trade, for example via state export credits for other markets, the paper read.
The European Union should consider excluding companies from third countries for tenders for especially important projects like in the semiconductor sector. China's development is described in the paper as very problematic and further in the direction of systemic rivalry, away from partnership. This was "evidenced not least by the pro-Russian attitude of China towards the attack on Ukraine".
The paper underscored the fact the year 2027 was repeatedly mentioned as the year China could invade Taiwan. The economy ministry is led by Robert Habeck of the Greens who have long warned of the risks of being overreliant on China. The paper still has to be approved by Chancellor Olaf Scholz's Social Democrats and the liberal FDP, which are the Greens' coalition partners.
(This story has not been edited by Devdiscourse staff and is auto-generated from a syndicated feed.)