South Africa Faces Historic Political Shift: ANC Falls Short of Majority

South African political parties are preparing for coalition talks as the governing ANC appears set to fall short of a majority for the first time in 30 years. Preliminary results show the ANC with 42.1% of the vote, a significant drop from previous elections. The election outcome could lead to significant changes in the political landscape.

Reuters | Updated: 31-05-2024 13:10 IST | Created: 31-05-2024 13:10 IST
South Africa Faces Historic Political Shift: ANC Falls Short of Majority
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South African political parties geared up for coalition talks on Friday as the governing African National Congress (ANC) looked set to fall well short of a majority in this week's election, the first time this has happened in 30 years of democracy.

With results in from 54.9% of polling stations, the party of the late Nelson Mandela had 42.1% of votes, a precipitous drop from the 57.5% of votes it secured in the last national election in 2019. While the ANC looked likely to remain the largest political force, voters appear to have punished the former liberation movement for years of decline.

The ANC had won every previous national election since the historic 1994 vote that ended white minority rule, but over the last decade South Africans have watched the economy stagnate, unemployment and poverty climb and infrastructure crumble, leading to regular power outages. Projections by South Africa's Council for Scientific and Industrial Research indicated the ANC would get 40.5% when full results are in.

So far the pro-business Democratic Alliance (DA) was in second place on 23.7%. uMkhonto we Sizwe (MK), a new party led by former president Jacob Zuma, was at 10.8% and eating into ANC support, particularly in KwaZulu-Natal, Zuma's home province. MK had overtaken the radical Economic Freedom Fighters (EFF), currently the third biggest party in parliament, which was sitting on 9.6%.

The results page on the electoral commission's website, which had been updating seamlessly since the start of the count, went blank for roughly two hours early on Friday due to a technical problem. The data reappeared shortly after 0700 GMT. "The data in the data centre remains intact and the results have not been compromised ... Result processing continues unaffected," the commission said in a statement.

By law the election commission has seven days to release full provisional results, but election officials have said they are planning for a Sunday announcement. 'DOOMSDAY COALITION'

Political parties' share of the vote will determine the number of seats they get in the National Assembly, which then elects the next president. That could still be the ANC's leader, incumbent President Cyril Ramaphosa. However, an embarrassing showing at the polls risks fuelling a leadership challenge.

ANC chairperson Gwede Mantashe said on Thursday that the ANC still wanted to win a majority. "A coalition is not our plan; it is a consequence. We will deal with that consequence when it happens," he said. Investors and the business community have voiced concern over the prospect of the ANC entering a coalition with the EFF, which is calling for the seizure of white-owned farms and the nationalisation of mines and banks, or with Zuma's MK which also talks about land confiscation.

Though the DA says it wants to oust the ruling party, its leader John Steenhuisen has not ruled out a partnership to block what he has called a "doomsday coalition" with the ANC bringing the EFF or MK into government. (Additional reporting by Nqobile Dludla and Tannur Anders; Writing by Alexander Winning; Editing by Estelle Shirbon, Stephen Coates and Emelia Sithole-Matarise)

(This story has not been edited by Devdiscourse staff and is auto-generated from a syndicated feed.)

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