Australia fights court ruling of a climate duty of care
The Australian government on Monday began its legal challenge to a judge's landmark decision that the administration has a duty of care to prevent future climate change.
The Federal Court battle over a proposed coal mine expansion comes as Prime Minister Scott Morrison battles to persuade his conservative government colleagues to commit to a zero emissions target for Australia by 2050.
Justice Mordy Bromberg in May rejected their bid, while noting the mine expansion would lead to an additional 33 million metric tons (36 million US tons) of coal being extracted over 25 years and 100 million metric tons (110 million US tons) of carbon dioxide being released into the atmosphere.
But the children's lawyers claimed a victory in that Bromberg also ruled the government has a duty to prevent future climate harm.
Environment Minister Sussan Ley has since approved the mine expansion.
Her lawyers told a full bench of the Federal Court on Monday that there was no evidence that the additional coal from the expanded mine would increase the risk of the global temperature increasing beyond to 2 degrees Celsius (3.6 degrees Fahrenheit) above pre-industrial temperatures.
Government lawyer Stephen Donaghue told the three judges that Australia had no control over the greenhouse gases released by those three locations that were burning the coal, which were described in court as Scope 3 emissions.
"It's difficult to see any basis to infer that the Scope 3 emissions are going to contribute to a temperature rise outside the framework of the Paris Agreement because they have to be accounted for by those countries that have those commitments" to reduce their emissions, Donaghue said.
The government's appeal is scheduled to take three days.
One of the plaintiffs, Anjali Sharma, 17, accused the government of continuing to deflect responsibility for the worsening climate risks.
"We will proudly defend the historic ruling that all Australian children are owed a duty of care' by our government, and fight to protect my generation from the increasing risks of climate change," Sharma said in a statement.
Australia has come under growing international criticism for failing to set more ambitious targets for reducing carbon emissions.
The rural-based junior coalition partner, the Nationals party, debated Cabinet's draft climate policy on Sunday and again Monday but remain bitterly divided.
Nationals Sen. Matt Canavan accused net zero proponents of caving into pressure from President Joe Biden.
"When did we become the 51st state of the US?" Canavan asked.
Australia has not budged from its 2015 pledge to reduce emissions by 26 per cent to 28 per cent below 2005 levels by 2030, despite many countries adopting far more ambitious targets.
Reducing emissions is a politically fraught issue in Australia, which is one of the world's largest exporters of coal and liquified natural gas. The nation is also one of the world's worst greenhouse gas emitters per capita because of its heavy reliance on coal-fired power.(AP) RUP RUP
(This story has not been edited by Devdiscourse staff and is auto-generated from a syndicated feed.)