Left Menu
Development News Edition

Scientist says India can increase production of 'arhar dal' three times

The pigeonpea (Cajanus cajan) is a major source of protein for the population of the Indian subcontinent.


Scientist says India can increase production of 'arhar dal' three times
The two-year project holds promise to improve livelihoods and nutrition security of the most- at-need communities in south-east Asia and in Africa. (Image Credit: Twitter)

India, the world's largest producer of pigeonpea or 'arhar dal', could increase the production of the grain by three times, say scientists who are working on creating varieties resistant to diseases and climate change.

The pigeonpea (Cajanus cajan) is a major source of protein for the population of the Indian subcontinent.

Pre-breeding scientists at the International Crops Research Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics (ICRISAT) are exploring possible solutions sourced from the wild species of Cajanus.

A project funded by the Global Crop Diversity Trust (GCDT), will evaluate promising pre-breeding lines in India and Myanmar, bringing them one step closer to cultivation.

"It is critical to bring in beneficial traits that are not present in domesticated pigeonpea, and the pre-breeding work at ICRISAT holds great promise," said Benjamin Kilian, Plant Genetic Resources Scientist from the GCDT.

"Our goal of increasing the livelihood and nutrition security of smallholder farmers moves forward, and pre-breeding has hastened the process of reaching better crop varieties to farmers," said Peter Carberry, Director General, ICRISAT.

It has taken several years of research for scientists to evaluate wild pigeonpea species and identify those with the promise of resistance/tolerance to biotic and abiotic stresses, including sterility mosaic disease, Fusarium wilt, pod borer and salinity.

"Pigeonpea has a narrow genetic base. The varieties currently grown by farmers have little resilience to recurrent or new diseases and insect pests," said Shivali Sharma, Principal Investigator at ICRISAT.

"We find some wild species have adapted to several of these stresses. Leveraging these traits for cultivation can benefit livelihoods and nutrition," said Sharma.

"This project will develop new material as well as take the available material to the farmers so that they can produce more and generate better incomes with the new climate-resilient pigeonpea varieties," said Rajeev K Varshney, Research Program Director - Genetic Gains at ICRISAT.

Field-level activities in multiple agro-ecologies and socio-economic settings (different locations) will be carried out by ICRISAT in collaboration with the following national and international partners.

The two-year project holds promise to improve livelihoods and nutrition security of the most- at-need communities in south-east Asia and in Africa.

(With inputs from agencies.)

Download The Devdiscourse News App for Latest News.


TRENDING

OPINION/BLOG/INTERVIEW

WEF2020: Trump seems politically correct in pulling out from Paris Agreement

If the survey of the World Economic Forum WEF is believed, Trump seems to enjoy the confidence of his people in flaying climate intuitions and climate activists. His preference for economic development over environmental protection not only...

From home to healthcare, here are Robotic innovations transforming lives

Lovot is equipped with more than 50 sensors such as thermography, microphone array, obstacle detection, and touch sensor to generate motion and emotions in real-time....

Translating words to deeds: Achieving gender parity in access to financial resources

... ...

SDG13: How you can reduce global warming by changing your food habits

The mega narratives of various international organizations give the impression that fighting global warming is only a job of government agencies. However, the European Investment Bank EIB has designed a questionnaire which besides making th...

Videos

Latest News

Singapore rebuts illegal hanging report, serves fake news notices

Singapore rebutted a report on Wednesday alleging illegal execution practices in the city-state and ordered Yahoo and others to attach fake news notices on posts and articles that shared the allegations. The report by Malaysian rights group...

Fire breaks out at a company in Thane's Badlapur

A fire broke out at a company of Maharashtra Industrial Development Corporation in Badlapur town of Thane district, earlier this morning.Five fire tenders are present at the spot. One casualty has been reported in the incident. More details...

PowerObjects, an HCL Technologies Company Announces the Launch of a Dedicated Microsoft Business Unit

New business unit will help joint customers with digital transformation initiatives MINNEAPOLIS, Jan. 20, 2020 PRNewswire -- HCL Technologies HCL, a leading global technology company, just announced the launch of a dedicated HCL Microsoft ...

Death toll in China's coronavirus goes up to 9; total cases rise to 440

The death toll in Chinas novel coronavirus virus has gone up to nine with the confirmed infection cases sharply rising to 440, the health authorities said on Wednesday, warning that the disease could spread further in the ongoing Chinese ho...

Give Feedback