Egypt's annual urban consumer price inflation rose to 16 per cent in September from 14.24 per cent in August, the official statistics agency CAPMAS said on Wednesday in a report that surprised some economists and analysts.
The rate increased by 2.5 per cent month-on-month, largely driven by a 4.8 per cent jump in the price of food and non-alcoholic beverages from August to September.
Radwa El-Swaify, head of research at Pharos, said: "(The rise) reflects the continuation of massive increases in the prices of fruits and vegetables on a monthly basis, and, to a lesser extent, the (effects) of back to school season."
Millions of people in Egypt, the Arab world's most populous country, live below the poverty line and struggle to meet basic needs after successive increases in the prices of vegetables, fruit, fuel, and medicine.
Sandeep said the rise could be mainly due to a combination of seasonal demand-pull factors and some minor remnants of the energy subsidy cuts.
Egypt's latest round of austerity measures in June included deep fuel and electricity subsidy cuts as well as increases in transportation prices, which came as part of the terms of a $12 billion IMF loan program the country signed in late 2016.
The headline inflation rate had eased slightly in July to 13.5 per cent after it increased for the first time in 10 months this June.
"Depending on the data for October, if inflation continues to go up, we could start to wonder if we're looking at a potential (interest) rate hike in November," Sandeep said.
(With inputs from agencies.)