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Health News Roundup: Dementia risk increased in female vets with brain injury, PTSD; Diabetic amputations on the rise in US

Health News Roundup: Dementia risk increased in female vets with brain injury, PTSD; Diabetic amputations on the rise in US
(Image Credit: Pixabay)

Following is a summary of current health news briefs.

Radical surgery for some prostate cancers adds three years to life

In men with localized prostate cancer discovered because they had symptoms or noticed during a work-up for another medical problem, radical prostate surgery leads to an average of three extra years of life compared to a "watchful waiting" approach, researchers say. The benefit of surgery was most pronounced in men who were under age 65 when their tumor was diagnosed, a new, long-term Scandinavian study found.

Vaccines group plots path through conflict, instability, epidemics

More children worldwide are now immunized against killer diseases but the task has become harder due to conflicts, epidemics, urbanization and migration, the head of a global vaccine group said. Seth Berkley, chief executive of the GAVI vaccines alliance, said his agency was now focusing on how to get vaccines to people in rural areas, those isolated by war and refugees.

Aging Japan: Dementia puts financial assets of the elderly at risk

Yumiko Okubo, 71, had forgotten how to heat up food. "What's a microwave?" she asked her husband, Eiichi.

Opioid maker Insys paid kickbacks to physician assistant, jury hears

A former Insys Therapeutics Inc sales representative now married to the drugmaker's ex-CEO said on Wednesday she arranged to have a physician assistant in New Hampshire receive kickbacks to prescribe patients its addictive fentanyl spray. The testimony came at the start of the trial in federal court in Concord, New Hampshire, of Christopher Clough, a physician assistant who prosecutors say accepted nearly $50,000 from Insys in exchange for prescribing its powerful opioid pain drug, Subsys.

Dementia risk increased in female vets with brain injury, PTSD

Female military veterans with traumatic brain injury, post-traumatic stress disorder or depression are more likely to develop dementia later in life than peers without those conditions, a U.S. study suggests. Each of those conditions was associated with an increased risk for dementia, and if a female vet was diagnosed with more than one, that risk went up, researchers report in Neurology.

J&J says its psoriasis drug superior to Novartis treatment in study

Johnson & Johnson said its drug, Tremfya, was found to be more effective than a rival medicine from Novartis AG in reducing the severity and affected area in adults with moderate-to-severe plaque psoriasis in a late-stage study. After 48 weeks of therapy, 84.5 percent of the 1,048 participants treated with Tremfya showed 90 percent improvement in disease symptoms, as measured by the Psoriasis Area Severity Index, compared with 70 percent on Novartis's Cosentyx, J&J said.

Self-weighing, self-awareness may prevent holiday weight gain

A brief program that encouraged people to track their weight and to be mindful of the excess energy in every holiday cookie or cup of nog seems to have helped participants get through the holiday season without gaining weight. The trial in the UK recruited participants in November and December of 2016 and 2017, and followed up with them about 45 days later. Those assigned to the weight-gain prevention program ended up losing 0.13 kg (about one third of a pound), on average, while the control group gained 0.37 kg (nearly a pound), the study team reported December 10 online in The BMJ.

Longer breastfeeding tied to lower risk of liver disease

Mothers who breastfeed for six months or more may have less fat in their livers and a lower risk of liver disease, a U.S. study suggests. Breastfeeding has long been tied to health benefits for women, including lower risks for heart disease, diabetes and certain cancers. The current study focused on whether nursing might also be tied to a reduced risk of non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFDL), which is usually linked with obesity and certain eating habits.

Diabetic amputations on the rise in the U.S.

A growing number of people with diabetes in the U.S. are losing toes and feet to the disease by the time they reach middle age, according to a study that suggests a reversal after years of progress against diabetes. When people with diabetes have poorly controlled blood sugar, over time this can restrict blood flow to the lower legs and lead to nerve damage and impaired wound healing. With a lack of sensation in the feet and lower legs, people may not notice sores and infections that develop until these problems become so extensive that they can only be addressed by amputating the damaged portion of the foot or leg.

Salmonella linked to beef produced by JBS Tolleson sickens over 300

As many as 333 people have been infected with salmonella strain linked to beef products of JBS Tolleson Inc, the U.S. arm of Brazil's JBS SA, the Centers for Disease Control (CDC) and Prevention said on Wednesday. Since Nov. 15 alone, 87 people took ill, with 32 being hospitalized, the CDC said, bringing the total number of states from which cases were reported to 28.

(With inputs from Reuters)

(With inputs from agencies.)



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