Governments around the world are failing to investigate the murders of journalists with Mexico and India having the maximum number of recent such cases pending investigation, the International Press Institute (IPI) said in a report on Wednesday.
The Vienna-based global organisation of editors, journalists and media executives in its 'Death Watch' said as many as 100 journalists lost their lives around the world in connection with their work over the past year.
Of these, at least 32 were killed in retaliation for their work, frequently in response to reports exposing corruption or the activities of crime syndicates.
The Death Watch includes an additional 41 journalists whose killings are suspected of being linked to their work but for which there remains insufficient evidence due to poor or lacking investigations.
IPI's Death Watch lists journalists and media staff whose deaths have been linked to journalism. The Death Watch includes names of journalists who were deliberately targeted because of their profession as well as those who lost their lives while on assignment.
The IPI said 13 journalists lost their lives covering armed conflict, a majority of them in Afghanistan.
Analysis of the data collected since September 2017 shows that in many cases of targeted killings of journalists, investigations are slow, and the perpetrators have not been brought to justice.
"Mexico and India have emerged as two countries where investigations into journalist killings have been particularly tardy," it said.
In Mexico, 14 journalists were murdered and in India 12 died in targeted killings in the last one year, it said.
"So far, arrests have been made in only two cases in Mexico and six in India. Most of these arrests are controversial," the IPI said.
"Police in India have nabbed the alleged killers of woman journalist Gauri Lankesh, who was gunned down outside her house in Bengaluru in September last year. However, media reports have cast doubt on the reliability of some of the arrests," the IPI said in a statement.
In the case of Syed Shujaat Bukhari, the editor-in-chief of Rising Kashmir, who was killed on June 14 outside his office, suspects have been identified but not yet brought to justice, it said.
"The impunity with which journalists have been murdered and the slow pace of investigations raise the question whether the deaths of journalists are probed thoroughly and urgently as they should be to protect press freedom," IPI Head of Advocacy Ravi R Prasad said.
The IPI Executive Board will gather in Bratislava, Slovakia to mark International Day to End Impunity for Crimes against Journalists on November 2.
(With inputs from agencies.)