Former Mali president Toure, democratic icon toppled in coup, has died

Former Malian president Amadou Toumani Toure, who won acclaim for pursuing democratic reforms before being toppled by a military coup in 2012, has died at the age of 72, an aide said on Tuesday. During his presidency, Mali won international praise as a regional model of democracy for its regular elections, relatively free press and institutional reforms.

Reuters | Bamako | Updated: 10-11-2020 15:25 IST | Created: 10-11-2020 15:16 IST
Former Mali president Toure, democratic icon toppled in coup, has died
Image Credit: Wikipedia

Former Malian president Amadou Toumani Toure, who won acclaim for pursuing democratic reforms before being toppled by a military coup in 2012, has died at the age of 72, an aide said on Tuesday. Toure's life, in many ways, symbolised the stop-start nature of democracy in Mali, where his successor Ibrahim Boubacar Keita, was overthrown in another coup this August.

Widely known by his initials ATT, Toure led an army coup in 1991 against military ruler Moussa Traore after violent anti-government protests. He organised democratic elections the following year and handed over power to a civilian president, earning him the nickname of "Soldier of Democracy". Toure died in Turkey on Monday night, his chief of staff Seydou Cissouma told Reuters, providing no further details.

Jeune Afrique reported the former president was flown to Turkey after undergoing a heart operation in Bamako. Senegal President Macky Sall tweeted: "I am heartbroken to learn of the death of His Excellency Amadou Toumani Toure, former president of Mali. I salute the memory of this renowned figure and present my deepest condolences to his family and the Malian people. May he rest in peace."

Toure returned to the presidency in 2002, winning election with 65% of the vote, and was re-elected to a final five-year term in 2007. During his presidency, Mali won international praise as a regional model of democracy for its regular elections, relatively free press and institutional reforms. Toure was planning to step down when his second term expired in 2012.

But his authority was weakened by high-level corruption, armed opposition in the desert north and a perception among some Malians that elections were not as free and fair as international observers suggested. That ultimately led to the March 2012 coup by mid-ranking officers, followed by the fall of northern Mali to jihadist militants later that year.

Despite French forces' intervention in 2013 to help the government retake the north, militants linked to al Qaeda and the Islamic State have since expanded their foothold in Mali and other countries in the region.

(This story has not been edited by Devdiscourse staff and is auto-generated from a syndicated feed.)


TRENDING

OPINION / BLOG / INTERVIEW

China: A savior for emerging markets or a poison pill?

... ...

Future of Urban Planning: Artificial Intelligence guiding the way

Advances in emerging technologies like Artificial Intelligence and Machine Learning can help us understand our cities better and derive useful insights from real-time data collected through automated models....

Videos

Latest News

Shivamogga blast: Minister warns those into illegal mining

Bengaluru, Jan 27 PTI Stringent action would be takenagainst those involved in illegal mining, Karnataka Mines andGeology Minister Murugesh Nirani said on Wednesday.The warning comes days after the blast in a stone-crushing facility on the ...

K'taka Dy CM seeks UT status to Mumbai, after Maha CM seeks similar status to border areas

Karnataka Deputy Chief MinisterLaxman Savadi on Wednesday said Mumbai should be made part ofthe state and urged the Centre to declare it a Union Territoryuntil then, as he hit back at Maharashtra Chief MinisterUddhav Thackeray for raking up...

U.N. rights boss calls for sanctions on some Sri Lankan ex-military

U.N. human rights chief Michelle Bachelet called on states on Wednesday to impose targeted sanctions on former Sri Lankan military commanders implicated in alleged war crimes during the final years of a 26-year civil war that ended in 2009....

Olympics-IOC says it is fully committed to successful Tokyo Games

The International Olympic Committee is fully concentrated and committed to the successful organisation of the Tokyo summer Olympics this year despite the COVID-19 pandemic, IOC President Thomas Bach said on Wednesday.Though much of Japan is...

Give Feedback