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Saudi, Russia debate record oil cut as U.S. resists action

Reuters | Riyadh | Updated: 09-04-2020 15:19 IST | Created: 09-04-2020 14:13 IST
Saudi, Russia debate record oil cut as U.S. resists action
Representative Image Image Credit: Rawpxel

OPEC and Russia will debate record oil output cuts on Thursday to prop up prices wrought by the coronavirus pandemic but their talks are complicated by internal disagreements and the reluctance of the United States to join the action.

Global fuel demand has plunged as much as 30% as measures to fight the virus have grounded aircraft, reduced vehicle usage and curbed economic activity. Benchmark Brent crude oil prices hit an 18-year low last month and are trading below $34 a barrel, half their level at the end of 2019, dealing a severe blow to budgets of oil-producing nations and high-cost U.S. shale oil industry.

U.S. President Donald Trump said last week a deal he had brokered with OPEC leader Saudi Arabia and Russia could lead to cuts of as much as 10 million to 15 million barrels per day (bpd) or 10% to 15% of global supplies, an unprecedented reduction. Riyadh and Moscow, who fell out when a previous pact on curbing supplies collapsed in March, have signaled that their agreement to new, much deeper cuts would depend on the United States and others outside a group known as OPEC+ joining in.

A video conference for ministers from OPEC+, which groups the Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries, Russia, and other oil producers, as well as additional participants, is due to start at 1400 GMT. The United States has been invited. Trump has been reluctant to mandate cuts in domestic supply so far, saying production had been falling naturally because of low prices anyway. Russia said on Wednesday that such declines would not count as a proper cut.

In a further complication, Moscow and Riyadh are struggling to agree on the levels from which output should be cut with the kingdom insisting on April, the first month of a large hike in its output, while Moscow insists on the first quarter. "I'm not sure how Russia and Saudi Arabia would be able to iron out their differences today, it all could be stretched out," one Russian source told Reuters.

Two OPEC sources agreed that the differences were still big. Two Russian sources said the maximum Russian cut would be 2 million bpd or around 17% of its output. Saudi Arabia has yet to indicate how much it is prepared to cut.

DEMAND SHOCK Goldman Sachs and UBS both said on Thursday the suggested cuts, however deep, would not be enough to address a massive decline in global demand and predicted that oil prices could fall back to $20 per barrel and even lower.

"Ultimately, the size of the demand shock is simply too large for a coordinated supply cut," Goldman said in a note. Trump warned on Wednesday that he had many options if Saudi Arabia and Russia failed to reach a deal on Thursday.

U.S. senators have previously called on the White House to impose sanctions on Riyadh, pull out U.S. troops from the kingdom and impose import tariffs on Saudi oil. Thursday's OPEC+ talks will be followed by a meeting of energy ministers from the Group of 20 nations (G20) on Friday.

To figure out how a cat would be shared among producers, Moscow, Riyadh, and others would need to agree on what output levels to use as a baseline for calculating cuts. That issue has been muddied by a battle between Saudi Arabia and Russia for market share that erupted after an acrimonious OPEC+ meeting in Vienna in March.

At that meeting, Russia refused to participate in cuts proposed by Saudi Arabia in response to the coronavirus crisis. In response, Riyadh said it would pump at maximum capacity and flooded an already oversupplied market with extra crude. Saudi Arabia ramped up output to a record 12.3. million bpd in April, up from below 10 million bpd in March. The kingdom's Gulf allies, Kuwait and the United Arab Emirates, also raised production.

Russian TASS news agency said any cuts could last three months starting from May. The largest one-off cut OPEC has ever agreed till now was 2.2 million bpd in 2008.



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