Biden's New Immigration Crackdown: Challenges and Implications

President Joe Biden's administration has announced new restrictions to deny asylum to migrants crossing the U.S.-Mexico border illegally, aiming to curb illegal immigration and bolster border security. Under these measures, exceptions exist for unaccompanied children and individuals facing severe threats. The new policy resembles Trump-era restrictions and has sparked criticism and potential legal challenges.

Reuters | Updated: 04-06-2024 21:32 IST | Created: 04-06-2024 21:32 IST
Biden's New Immigration Crackdown: Challenges and Implications
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Migrants caught illegally crossing the U.S.-Mexico border could be denied the chance to claim asylum and quickly deported under new restrictions announced on Tuesday, part of a sweeping enforcement effort by U.S. President Joe Biden. The Biden administration will immediately begin denying access to asylum to those who cross illegally and deporting them to their home countries or to Mexico with exceptions for unaccompanied children, people who face serious medical or safety threats and victims of trafficking, a senior official said on a call with reporters.

Biden, a Democrat, has toughened his approach to border security as immigration has emerged as a top issue for Americans in the run-up to Nov. 5 elections where he will face Republican Donald Trump in a rematch of the 2020 contest. The new asylum restrictions are not permanent, the U.S. official told reporters. They are activated when the daily average of border arrests tops 2,500 over a week and will be paused when arrests drop below 1,500 per day, the official said.

The deterrent measures "will significantly increase consequences for those who cross the southern border unlawfully," the official said, requesting anonymity as a condition of the call. Key operational questions about how the new measures will be implemented remained unclear, however, including how the administration would quickly deport migrants from far-away and uncooperative countries and how many non-Mexican migrants Mexico would accept under the new enforcement regime.

Biden took office in 2021 vowing to reverse some of Trump's restrictive immigration policies but grappled with record levels of migrants caught crossing illegally, a trend that has strained U.S. border authorities and cities receiving cities new arrivals. Trump has criticized Biden for rolling back his policies and vowed a wide-ranging crackdown if reelected.

The new restrictions resemble similar policies implemented by Trump and use a legal statute known as 212(f) that served as the underpinning for Trump's travel bans blocking people from several majority-Muslim nations and other countries. The new restrictions are expected to trigger legal challenges from immigrant and civil rights groups who have criticized Biden for adopting Trump-like policies and backtracking on U.S. legal obligations to asylum seekers.

In advance of the announcement, Trump's campaign issued a statement criticizing Biden for high levels of illegal immigration and said the move to exempt unaccompanied children would encourage trafficking of minors. In response to such concerns a Biden official said the administration is "always vigilant when it comes to any exploitation of children," and added that there were lawful pathways available to families seeking to enter the U.S.

INACTION IN CONGRESS Biden has pushed unsuccessfully for months to pass a Senate bill that would toughen border security, including with a provision that resembles his latest moves by executive action. The bill was crafted by a bipartisan group of senators but Republicans rejected it after Trump came out in opposition.

"Legislation is still the only way to permanently address border security and immigration reform," White House deputy press secretary Andrew Bates said in a memo on Tuesday. The number of migrants caught crossing the U.S.-Mexico border illegally dropped in recent months, a trend U.S. officials partly attribute to increased Mexican enforcement.

Claudia Sheinbaum was elected as Mexico's first female president in a landslide victory on Sunday and will take office on Oct. 1. Biden's border restrictions could put pressure on Sheinbaum, the successor to current President Andres Manuel Lopez Obrador, to keep illegal border crossings down. Under the new measures, migrants who demonstrate a fear of being returned to their home countries will be screened for other types of humanitarian protection but could be deported if denied, the Biden official told reporters.

"These steps will strengthen the asylum system, preventing it from being overwhelmed and backed up by those who do not have legitimate claims," the official said. The Biden administration has taken a number of steps over the past year to toughen the asylum process, including issuing a regulation in May 2023 that heightened the standard for an initial asylum claim.

Biden officials have said the effectiveness of U.S. enforcement is limited by a lack of resources in the absence of more funding from Congress.

(This story has not been edited by Devdiscourse staff and is auto-generated from a syndicated feed.)

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