Stock markets enjoyed a tentative recovery on Thursday after better-than-expected Chinese export data, while a steadying of the yuan restored some calm to global markets following a stormy few days that sent investors scrambling for safety.
Investors were encouraged by data showing Chinese exports rose 3.3% in July from a year earlier, beating an expected decline of 2%. Chinese imports fell by less than forecast, despite the Sino-U.S. tariff struggle. Markets went into a tailspin on Monday after China let its currency weaken beyond 7 yuan per dollar, a surprise move that investors took as retaliation for U.S. President Donald Trump's announcement of more tariffs on Chinese imports.
Investors fear the trade conflict between the world's two biggest economies will cause a global recession. Bond markets have flashed red and a closely watched U.S. recession indicator reached its highest level since March 2007. On Thursday, the pan-European Euro STOXX 600 rose 0.94%. Germany's DAX was up 0.84% and France's CAC 40 1.27%, while Britain's FTSE 100 edged up 0.2%.
"There's a little bit of calm back in the market at the moment," said Peter Kinsella, global head of FX strategy at UBP. "But the ball is very much in Trump's court." MSCI's world stocks index, which tracks shares in 47 countries, rose 0.22%. It remains down 1.6% for the week and more than 3% since the start of August.
E-Mini futures for the S&P 500 gained 0.22%, pointing to a stronger open on Wall Street.
Investors ran for the safety of bonds this week as fears of a recession jumped. Long-term borrowing rates hit their lowest ever -- the aggregate yield on a Bloomberg-Barclays index of seven- to 10-year bonds worldwide dropped to a record 1.44% on Wednesday.
Yields on U.S. 30-year bonds fell as low as 2.123% overnight, not far from a record low of 2.089% set in 2016. Ten-year yields dropped further below three-month rates, an inversion that has reliably predicted recessions in the past. The Philippines became the latest country to cut interest rates, following aggressive moves by central banks in New Zealand, India, and Thailand that had surprised markets on Wednesday..
"Financial markets are raising risks of recession," said JPMorgan economist Joseph Lupton. He said the "alarm bell" was loudest in the government bond market. Markets have ramped up their expectations for more easing by the U.S. Federal Reserve, but the question remains how fast Fed policymakers will move.
Futures moved to price in a 100% probability of a Fed cut in September and a near 24% chance of a half-point cut. Some 75 basis points of easing is implied by January, with rates ultimately reaching 1%. European and U.S. government bond yields rose on Thursday, with German and French 10-year yields up from record lows after a rally in recent sessions.
The 10-year U.S. Treasury yield rose to 1.7275% from as low as 1.595% on Wednesday. Few investors think the United States and China will be able to resolve their trade row any time soon and many are bracing for another confrontation.
"This most recent escalation in the U.S.-China trade clash has increased the risk of a complete fallout in the negotiations considerably," said Vasileios Gkionakis, a strategist at Lombard Odier, adding that the probability of a "deal breakdown" had increased to 40% from 25% previously. Gold has surged this week as investors scrambled to find somewhere safe to park their cash, rising above $1,500 for the first time since 2013.
Spot gold was last at $1,495 per ounce, down from as much as $1,510 on Wednesday. Gold is up 16% since May. In foreign exchange markets, the Japanese yen rose again, gaining 0.2% to 106.08 yen per dollar, although it remains off its weekly high of 105.5 hits on Tuesday. The yen tends to gain at times of uncertainty, and its rise this week underlined investors' fears.
China's yuan also gained. In the offshore market, it rose 0.2% to 7.0735 yuan per dollar after touching 7.14 yuan on Tuesday. The dollar was steady, trading at $1.1196 against the euro.
Oil prices regained some ground on expectations that falling prices could lead to production cuts. Brent crude climbed 0.7% to $57.48, which followed steep losses on Wednesday. U.S. crude rallied 1.9% to $52.08 a barrel.
(This story has not been edited by Devdiscourse staff and is auto-generated from a syndicated feed.)