Reduction in fertilizer use could be ensured by irrigation scheduling: DG ICAR
Shri Mohapatra added that steps are being taken by the Government in ensuring that the groundwater used for irrigation is reduced.Devdiscourse News Desk | New Delhi | Updated: 05-09-2019 18:55 IST | Created: 05-09-2019 18:55 IST
Highlighting the efforts of ICAR in scientific water management in line with the Jal Shakti Abhiyan Shri T. Mohapatra, DG ICAR and Secretary DARE said that measures like scheduling irrigation, constructive use of water, proper crop selection and utilizing modern irrigation technologies are some major aspects which will enhance water security ensuring high agricultural productivity. Shri Mohapatra added that after initiation of Jal Shakti Abhiyan by the Honourable Prime Minister Shri Narendra Modi, over 10.8 crore farmers have been trained through the Krishi Vigyan Kendras and 371 melas were conducted across the country from July 1st till date.
Detailing the benefits of several water conservation methods, Shri Mohapatra said that about 35-40% water could be saved and 20-25% reduction in fertilizer use could be ensured by the scheduling of irrigation. Moisture sensors and automated irrigation systems which can be controlled by a farmer using a mobile phone will help in deciding the time and amount of irrigation to be carried out. Constructive use of water, which includes the use of recycled water and proper selection of crops, also helps in enhancing water security. Alternatives like the cultivation of Fruits, Millets, Bajra, and selection of proper varieties of crops also ensure constructive utilization of water. Using Bio mulch and Hydro Gels which ensures a slow release of water and utilizing microbes that help inefficient absorption of water shall help in further ensuring reduced and proper utilization of water in agriculture.
Explaining the objectives of Pradhan Mantri Krishi Sinchayee Yojana (PMKSY) Shri Mohapatra said that District Irrigation Plans has been prepared by the respective states based on the technical support from ICAR for implementation under PMKSY so that the slogan Har khet ko pani may be translated into reality. ICAR also contributed to preparing the State Specific Action Plan for water sector for scientific assessment of the supply and demand side of water resources and vulnerability to climate change under National Water Mission. This will help to formulate annual State/UT Water Budgets and hence, allocation and efficient utilization of available water resources.
Shri Mohapatra added that steps are being taken by the Government in ensuring that the groundwater used for irrigation is reduced. Water is the critical input of agriculture and about 80% of the current water use is drawn by agriculture. Out of 140 million ha of net sown area in the country, the net irrigated area accounts about 68.38 million ha (48.8%) and remaining 51.2% is under rainfed. Out of the net irrigated area, about 40% is irrigated through canal systems and 60% is irrigated through groundwater. An important challenge facing the irrigation sector in India is the growing gap between Irrigation Potential Created (IPC) and Irrigation Potential Utilized (IPU), and uneven distribution of water over the length of the canal system. The overall irrigation efficiency of the major and medium irrigation projects is estimated to be around 38%. The efficiency of surface irrigation system can be improved from about 35-40% to around 50-60% and that of groundwater from about 65-70% to 72-75%.
Shri Mohapatra added that low irrigation efficiency (35-40%), inequity in water distribution, the mismatch between irrigation water supply and crop water demand, tail-enders deprivation, irrigation induced salinity and waterlogging are some of the major challenges being faced in the canal commands. Similarly, in the groundwater irrigated command, indiscriminate withdrawal of groundwater has resulted in a decline of groundwater table in North-Western and Southern regions. Contrary to this, groundwater development in the Eastern region is sub-optimal. The stage of groundwater development in India is 63.3%. However, it is 166%, 140%, 137% and 120% in states of Punjab, Rajasthan, Haryana, and Delhi, respectively, which has serious negative consequences.
India with a geographical area of 328 M ha supports more than 18% of the world's population but has only 4.2% of freshwater resources. The country receives annual precipitation (including snowfall) of almost 4000 billion cubic meters (BCM), which results into estimated average water potential of 1869 BCM. Per capita annual water availability has declined from 5177 m3 in 1951 to 1508 m3 by 2014 and likely to reduce further to 1465 m3 and 1235 m3 by 2025 and 2050, respectively. The situation may further deteriorate if the anticipated impact of climate change on hydrology and water resources are also considered.
(With Inputs from PIB)
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- agricultural productivity
- water security
- Jal Shakti Abhiyan
- Krishi Vigyan Kendras
- water conservation
- Pradhan Mantri Krishi Sinchayee Yojana
- District Irrigation Plans
- climate change
- Irrigation Potential Created
- Irrigation Potential Utilized
- canal systems