Facing criticism for invoking a hitherto unused section to issue instructions to the RBI, the government on Wednesday said that it respected the autonomy of the central bank but within the framework of the RBI Act.
"The autonomy for the central bank, within the framework of the RBI Act, is an essential and accepted governance requirement. Governments in India have nurtured and respected this," a brief Finance Ministry statement said.
The clarification comes amid reports that said the government has invoked Section 7 of the RBI Act that empowers the government to consult the RBI Governor and direct the RBI to act on issues that it considers necessary in public interest.
The Finance Ministry said that both the government and the Reserve Bank of India (RBI) have to be guided by public interest and the requirements of the Indian economy, for which extensive consultations take place between them.
"The government never makes public the subject matter of those consultations. Only the final decisions taken are communicated.
"The government, through these consultations, places its assessment on issues and suggests possible solutions. The government will continue to do so," the Ministry said.
While the statement was silent on whether the government actually used Section 7 for some of its issues with the central bank, Finance Minister Arun Jaitley, too, refused to elaborate on the issue later in the day during the release of Ease of Doing Business (EoDB) ranking.
"I would not say anything beyond the statement we gave out today. In the statement, it is said that there are communications between the government and the central bank and there are layers of consultation. At what level, how it happened and of what nature, it's never made public in history. You have the right to know the decisions (when they are taken)," he said.
Former Finance Minister P. Chidambaram said the invocation of the section suggests the economy was in a bad shape and the government was trying to hide it.
"We did not invoke Section 7 in 1991 or 1997 or 2008 or 2013. What is the need to invoke the provision now? It shows that the government is hiding facts about the economy and is desperate," he said in a tweet.
"If, as reported, the government has invoked Section 7 of the RBI Act and issued unprecedented 'directions' to the RBI, I am afraid there will be more bad news today," Chidambaram added.
The tiff between the RBI and the government came into limelight after the bank's Deputy Governor Viral Acharya warned the government last week against interfering in the central bank's functioning.
On Tuesday, Jaitley retaliated by alleging that the central bank looked the other way when indiscriminate lending happened between 2008 and 2014 leading to the bad loans crisis.
(With inputs from agencies.)