Scientists found a new twisted shape, 'scutoid'
A scutoid is a solid geometric shape, like a cube or a pyramid, which had not been described until now.PTI | Updated: 30-07-2018 18:12 IST | Created: 30-07-2018 17:58 IST
"The epithelial cells are the construction blocks with which an organism is formed. They are like 'pieces of Tente or Lego from which animals are made,'" said Luisma Escudero from the University of Seville in Spain.
During the development of an embryo, it changes from a simple structure formed from only a handful of cells to an animal with very complex organs.
"This process doesn't only occur because of the growth of the organism, but also because the epithelial cells start 'moving and joining together' to organize themselves correctly and give the organs their final shape," said Escudero.
Until now, these "blocks" were represented as being prism-shaped or being like truncated pyramids.
"This is due to the fact that when tissue curves it tends to minimise energy, to be more stable, and for that reason our biophysical data indicates that what these cells do is adopt an scutoid shape," said the researcher.
A scutoid is a solid geometric shape, like a cube or a pyramid, which had not been described until now.
"This discovery is included within basic science, at the interface between biology, mathematics and physics. However, this type of research is necessary for biomedicine," researchers said.
This study opens the door to understanding how organs are formed during their development and what might be missing in some diseases in which this process is altered.
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