FACTBOX-Russia's unveils security proposals to U.S. and NATO
Russia has unveiled an array of security proposals https://www.reuters.com/world/russia-unveils-security-guarantees-says-western-response-not-encouraging-2021-12-17 that it wants to agree with the United States and NATO after handing them over to a senior U.S. diplomat this week. The proposals were published on the Russian Foreign Ministry's website in two separate draft documents, a treaty with the United States and an agreement with NATO members. Below is a summary.
Russia has unveiled an array of security proposals https://www.reuters.com/world/russia-unveils-security-guarantees-says-western-response-not-encouraging-2021-12-17 that it wants to agree with the United States and NATO after handing them over to a senior U.S. diplomat this week. The proposals were published on the Russian Foreign Ministry's website in two separate draft documents, a treaty with the United States and an agreement with NATO members.
Below is a summary. The draft agreement with NATO members proposes: https://mid.ru/ru/foreign_policy/rso/nato/1790803/?lang=en&clear_cache=Y
- To rule out further NATO expansion and Ukraine's accession to the alliance; - Not to deploy additional troops and weapons outside the countries in which they were in May 1997 (before any eastern European countries joined the alliance) - except in exceptional cases with the consent of Russia and NATO members;
- To abandon any NATO military activities in Ukraine, Eastern Europe, the Caucasus and Central Asia; - Not to deploy intermediate and shorter-range missiles where they can hit the territory of the other side;
- Not to conduct exercises with more than one military brigade in an agreed border zone, and to regularly exchange information about military exercises; - To confirm that the parties do not consider each other as adversaries, and agree to resolve all disputes peacefully and refrain from the use of force that is not consistent the aims of the United Nations;
- To commit not to create conditions that might be perceived as a national security threat by the other party; - To create hotlines for emergency contacts.
The draft treaty with the United States proposes agreeing: https://mid.ru/ru/foreign_policy/rso/nato/1790818/?lang=en - To refrain from deploying nuclear weapons outside their national territories and repatriate such weapons already deployed outside their national territories; eliminate all existing infrastructure for deployment of nuclear weapons outside respective national territories;
- Not to train military and civilian personnel from non-nuclear countries to use nuclear weapons; not to conduct exercises or training for general-purpose forces, that include scenarios involving the use of nuclear weapons; - Not to undertake actions or participate in or support activities that affect the security of the other party;
- Refrain from using the territories of other states with a view to preparing or carrying out an armed attack against the other party or other actions affecting core security interests of the other party; - Washington shall undertake to prevent further eastward NATO expansion and not deny accession to the alliance of ex-Soviet countries;
- The United States shall not establish military bases in countries once part of the Soviet Union that are not NATO members, use their infrastructure for any military activities or develop bilateral military cooperation with them; - To refrain from deploying armed forces and armaments in areas where such deployments could be perceived by the other party as a threat to its national security, with the exception of deployments within the national territories of the parties;
- Not to fly heavy bombers equipped for nuclear or non-nuclear armaments or deploying surface warships of any type in areas outside national airspace and national territorial waters from where they can attack targets on the territory of the other party.
(This story has not been edited by Devdiscourse staff and is auto-generated from a syndicated feed.)